March 1, 2023
Invasive, non-native and native species explained
Texas A&M Forest Service
The tree landscape in Texas is made up by a variety of species. From ponderosa pines in West Texas to oaks in Central Texas to dogwoods in East Texas, trees play a vital role in our ecosystem and provide countless benefits. But, what about species that cause negative impacts – invasive species?
Simply put, there are three basic categories of tree species: native, non-native and invasive. Knowing where tree species fall into these categories may seem like trivial information, but species selection is vital to the health of our overall ecosystem.
“All species are good somewhere and all species are bad somewhere,” said Gretchen Riley, Texas A&M Forest Service Forest Systems Department Head. “Planting the right tree in the right place, and avoiding invasive species, helps prevent devastating issues and bolsters the benefits a tree will provide over its lifetime.”
When selecting trees to plant, it’s important to understand where trees fall into these three categories and how that may vary from region to region.
Native species
Native species have evolved and occur naturally in a region, ecosystem or habitat.
Loblolly pines, for example, are native to the East Texas Pineywoods and the Lost Pines regions. The species was here long before civilization and reproduces on its own, creating a stable, self-perpetuating population.
Native species provide a multitude of values to their ecosystem, filling a specific ecological niche. They provide food and shelter for local wildlife, typically require less water once established and often have a better chance of survival because they are well-adapted to their region.
“Native species are resistant and resilient to disturbances that happen in their specific region because they evolved there and have adapted to that habitat,” said Demian Gomez, Texas A&M Forest Service Regional Forest Health Coordinator.
This includes adaptation to temperature variations and extremes, like dry, hot summers or harsh, cold winters, as well as local pests and pathogens because they have co-evolved together, making them more resilient to attacks.
Native species can range in how they behave in their ecosystem, though, and some tend to have aggressive or highly prolific characteristics, according to Gomez.
“An example of an aggressive native species is the winged elm in the Brazos Valley,” said Riley. “While they are native to the region, they take advantage of ideal local conditions during good rainfall years to rapidly reproduce and expand their range in yards and pastures.”
Knowing how species, native or otherwise, perform in your region is key in species selection.
Non-native species
Non-native species do not originate in the area or region where they are found. These species are introduced into an ecosystem, sometimes intentionally and sometimes by accident.
While native species are preferred, non-native species are not necessarily bad for the ecosystem, so long as they do not have a measurable negative impact. Some can even be beneficial to the environment, particularly in urban areas where they increase ecosystem diversity.
“Not all non-natives are invasive,” said Riley. “Many do well without competing with natives and in fact, can fill gaps where some natives may not perform well, such as is the case in urban areas where not only has the native soil been removed for construction purposes, but the natural ecosystem has been altered by the built environment.”
The performance of any species in a specific region may change over time, making non-natives more ideal in particular ecosystems.
“What we call non-native is tricky sometimes,” said Gomez. “Because the natural range of a native species may change over time due to changes in climate or even human disturbance, this is called species migration.”
Ultimately, while native species are preferred when planting trees, there is a time and place for non-native species to add value to an ecosystem’s diversity and resiliency.
Invasive species
Invasive species have two main characteristics: they are non-native to an ecosystem and their introduction causes or is likely to cause harm to the economy, environment or human health.
“Invasive species produce a measurable impact,” said Gomez. “If left unchecked, invasives can threaten native species, biodiversity, ecosystem services, water resources, agricultural and forest production, economics and property values.”
Invasive species have been introduced into an ecosystem, often due to human activity. This can include plants introduced as ornamentals, experimental introductions that escaped containment and species accidentally introduced in imported shipping materials.
Species that are invasive succeed because of their ability to grow in favorable environments and lack of natural predators, competitors and diseases that would normally regulate their populations in their native range.
A significant negative impact of invasives is when they outcompete and reduce native species populations.
“If one species reduces the population of many species, biodiversity is reduced,” said Gomez. “Often, the new, invasive species does not have fruit or vegetation that can be utilized by native insects and wildlife, causing those populations to reduce as well.”
Chinese tallow is extremely invasive to several regions of Texas. It’s invasive because it is a prolific seed producer and adapts well to many conditions, easily outcompeting native vegetation. The species has also negatively impacted wildlife, including the displacement of the Attwater’s prairie chicken.
Invasive species should be avoided when planting and should be removed from the environment when possible.
“The hard part is, once they are in the ecosystem, they are challenging to remove and often mowing them down just makes them come back with a vengeance,” said Riley.
While how to remove invasives can vary with species, manual removal is considered the most effective. Treating stumps and any remaining root system with herbicide may be necessary for mature established trees. A local forester or certified arborist should be contacted for species-specific recommendations.
Learning how to control invasive species around your property and what tools to use to properly remove them will help improve and maintain ecosystem health.
Selecting species
When selecting a tree species to plant, choosing the right tree for the right place is essential. Evaluate and determine the location and the tree’s purpose, then consider tree type by size at maturity.
“When planting trees, native trees are preferred because of their adaptability and resiliency,” said Gomez. “But planting a tree that will add value, perform well in the ecosystem, increase diversity and not become invasive are the major goals.”
Species diversity is critical for the health of our ecosystems, especially when you consider pests and diseases.
“Diversity is a good thing,” said Gomez. “When you have pests and pathogens that affect only one group of species, that’s when non-natives can help increase diversity, creating more resilient urban landscapes.”
In Northeast Texas, native ash trees are being threatened by an incredibly harmful introduced pest, the Emerald Ash Borer, which is detrimental to only the one family of trees.
“If 10 percent of all your trees are one species and you lose them all to a pest or disease, you lose a significant amount of value,” said Riley. “Which means you have to spend more money on heating and air conditioning, water purification, air filtering and health care because all of these benefits are associated with having trees around us.”
In urban forests, the goal is to have a tree population include no more than 5% of one species, 10% of one genus or 15% of one family Riley said. While this can be challenging to achieve, it is a benchmark that ensures urban forest resiliency.
When planting, choose a variety of species to have a diverse and resilient ecosystem, including trees in your yard and overall community.
“The most important thing is to know your region,” said Riley. “There isn’t a one size fits all for Texas. Know what is considered invasive or aggressive in your area and what the needs are for the particular region.”
Finally, avoid planting invasive species. They are harmful to the environment, and if you have invasive species growing, learn how to control and remove them.
For additional information on invasive tree species and common invasive species found in Texas, visit
Sticky traps attract insects to their yellow surface and trap them on the sticky surface to prevent damage to plants. (Photo courtesy of Summit Responsible Solutions.)
Boost the health and beauty of your houseplants
By Melinda Myers
Fight the winter blues with a bit of indoor gardening. Keeping your houseplants healthy and looking their best with a bit of grooming this winter is sure to lift your spirits.
Clip off any dead leaves as they appear. Use a sharp snips or bypass pruner to make a clean cut that looks tidy and closes up quickly. An occasional brown leaf is not usually a problem but if browning continues, it might be time to take action. Evaluate the growing conditions and make needed adjustments.
Brown leaves are often caused by low humidity which is common in many homes during winter. Boost the humidity in your home by grouping plants together. As one plant loses moisture through its leaves through transpiration the neighboring plants benefit. Add pebbles or marbles to the saucer or trays beneath the plants. Allow excess water to collect in the pebbles below the pot. As the water evaporates it increases the humidity right around the plant. Move plants that require moist soil and high humidity into a terrarium. They are attractive living decorations and make caring for high-maintenance plants easier.
Over and under-watering can also result in brown leaves, leaf edges, and tips. Water thoroughly when needed. Base frequency on the plants you are growing, room temperature and humidity. Tropical plants need more consistently moist soil while cacti and succulents like it drier. With lower light conditions in many homes, plants grow slower and may need less frequent watering in winter. Pour off any excess water that collects in the saucer which can lead to root rot.
Stop fertilizing indoor plants in winter unless they are actively growing. Applying fertilizer that plants don’t need can cause root damage, leading to leaf discoloration.
Trim off brown tips that are common on spider plants, dracaenas, Ti plants, and prayer plants sensitive to the chlorine and fluoride in water. Avoid the problem by using chemical-free water.
Wipe dust off the leaves with a damp cloth. Use a cosmetic brush to clean the fuzzy leaves of plants like African violets. Keeping your plants clean and well-groomed also helps reduce insect and disease problems.
Further protect plants from pests with Summit Sticky Traps ( Just place one or two in the pot with the sticky side exposed. The yellow attracts fungus gnats, aphids, thrips, leaf miners, and other harmful pests feeding on your plants. The sticky surface traps the insects causing them to die without the use of pesticides. Replace the trap once it is covered with insects or every three months.
Boost indoor plant resilience by providing the right amount of light. Move plants to a sunnier window or add artificial lights as needed. Then give plants a quarter turn every time you water. This promotes more balanced growth by exposing all parts of the plant to the light source.
Taking time to tend to your plants improves their health and beauty while elevating your mood and helping fight stress.
Melinda Myers has written more than 20 gardening books, including Midwest Gardener’s Handbook, 2nd Edition and Small Space Gardening. She hosts The Great Courses How to Grow Anything” instant video and DVD series and the nationally syndicated Melinda’s Garden Moment TV & radio program. Myers is a columnist and contributing editor for Birds & Blooms magazine. Myers’ website is
Upcoming Garden Events
If you would like your organization's events included in "Upcoming Garden Events" or would like to make a change to a listed event, please contact us at Garden Events. To ensure inclusion in this column, please provide complete details at least three weeks prior to the event.
The COVID-19 coronavirus outbreak has caused the cancellation or rescheduling of many events these past few years. If you wish to attend any of the events listed below, please contact the presenters in advance to determine if the event has been cancelled, postponed, moved online or if it will take place as scheduled.

Georgetown: The Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service office in Williamson County is hosting a home canning series starting March 2 in Georgetown. The three-part series will also be held on March 9 and March 16. All classes will be at 100 Wilco Way, Suite AG205, Georgetown. The cost is $60 for the series and must be paid in full at the first class. To register, call the AgriLife Extension office in Williamson County at 512-943-3300 or visit Preserving the Harvest is a series that teaches participants to preserve foods using tested recipes and research-based methods. The classes’ hands-on activities allow participants to learn and practice food preservation skills under the supervision of an AgriLife Extension agent, she said. The series will address canning basics, food preservation trends, water bath canning and pressure canning. The classes are as follows: March 2, 3-5 p.m., Canning Basics. Jenna Anding, Ph.D., registered dietitian nutritionist, professor and AgriLife Extension specialist in the Texas A&M College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Department of Nutrition, Bryan-College Station, will cover the science, equipment and safety practices needed during the canning process. March 9, 3-6 p.m., Water Bath Canning. Sindac will guide participants through step-by-step instructions on the water bath canning process of fruit jams. Participants will prepare the fruit, pack a jar provided and take home a tasty treat to share. March 16, 3-6 p.m., Pressure Canning. The class will take the apprehension out of using pressure canners and will provide all the equipment to help properly prepare, raw pack and process a jar of carrots for home food preservation and enjoyment.

Hempstead: Thu., March 2, 8:45-9:45 a.m.: Waller County Master Gardener Mary Karish presents Successful Garden Tips at the Waller County Extension Office, 846 6th St., Hempstead. or more information, visit or call 979-826-7651.

Online: Top "T" Questions: Tomatoes, Turf, and Trees will be answered by Brandi Keller, County Extension Agent-Horticulture at 10:00 a.m., Thursday, March 2. This event if free, but registration is required. Register at

Austin: On Saturday, March 4, Sunshine Community Gardens — Austin’s urban oasis that partners with the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired and where organic food and flowers have flourished since 1979 — will host its Annual Plant Sale at 4814 Sunshine Drive, Austin. Gates open at 9 a.m. with a musical parade. Learn from knowledgeable gardeners while you choose from dozens of organic tomato, pepper, and herb varieties, teach your child to pull a fresh carrot from the ground, or visit the booths of local vendors. There will be 20,000 plants. For more information, visit:

Bryan: The B/CS Home & Garden Expo takes place March 4-5 at Legends Event Center in Travis Bryan MidTown Park, 2533 Midtown Park, Bryan. Saturday, 9 a.m.-5 p.m. and Sunday 11 a.m.-4 p.m. The Master Gardener booth at the B/CS Home & Garden Expo will have a great lineup of speakers on Saturday and Sunday. For more information, visit

Hempstead: Sat., March 4, 9:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m.: Waller County Master Gardener Annual Spring Vegetable and Herb Plant Sale. Tomato, Herb, Pepper and assorted vegetable transplants. Limited selection of Citrus Trees. Waller County Extension Office, 846 6th St., Hempstead. For more information, visit www.txmg/org/wallermg or call 979-826-7651.

Houston: Spring Branch African Violet Club is presenting their annual show and sale on March 4 and 5 at the Judson Robinson Jr. Community Center, 2020 Herman Dr., Houston. Saturday, March 4, the sales room is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. and the showroom is open from 1 to 5 p.m. Sunday, March 5, the showroom and salesroom are open from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.

Rosenberg: Sat., March 4: Grow Your Own Series: Edible Garden Planning with Fort Bend County Master Gardeners, 9-10:30 a.m. For additional details, visit or 281-342-3034.

Houston: David Bang, a new rose hybridizer from California, will share his over sixty (60) roses in commerce on Thursday, March 9,  at 7 p.m. in person at St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, 1819 Heights Blvd., Houston, or virtually from the comfort of home using a computer, tablet, or smart phone at David has developed miniature, mini-flora, and floribunda roses and some of his varieties have stripes and are disease resistant! David and several other rose hybridizers presented at the 2021 ARS National Convention in Milwaukee. David’s presentation was one of the highlights of the convention and his presentation can be viewed on Youtube at The David Bang Collection of Roses grafted on fortuniana root stock is available for purchase in one- and two-gallon pots at K and M Roses. The website for K and M Roses is If you are new to GoTo Meeting, get the app now and be ready when your first meeting starts:

Bastrop: The Bastrop County Master Gardeners spring plant sale is Saturday, March 11, from 9:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m. at Bastrop Area Livestock Show Association’s Mayfest Park, 25 American Legion Dr., Bastrop. Available will be pollinators, perennials, natives, vegetables, herbs, succulents, house plants and more! All tax-free! Plus door prizes and Ask-the-Experts onsite.

McKinney: The Garden Show 2023 will be presented by the Collin County Master Gardeners Association on March 18 & 19 at Myers Park & Event Center in McKinney. For garden lovers, it’s a great day out to immerse themselves in timely tips for successful gardening, informative demonstrations and presentations, local vendors, and fun activities for the entire family – including scavenger hunts for adults and children alike. Browse through booths featuring appealing garden and gift items and attend lectures presented by experts in horticulture on a variety of topics. Saturday’s speakers will cover “Drought Proofing Your Landscape,” “Growing Great Turf in Collin County,” Texas Tough Natives for Droughts & Floods,” and “Growing Tomatoes in Collin County.” Speakers on Sunday include three award winning “Steves” who will share their expertise on “A Primer in Tree Pruning”,,“Creating Exciting Plant Combinations,” and “A Serious Look at Garden Whimsy.” CCMGA will also bestow honorary membership to Neil and Lynn Sperry at 3:30 p.m. on Sunday. Together and individually the Sperrys have forged paths that have inspired millions. Neil is a Texas gardening and horticulture icon known for his books, magazine, and radio program. Lynn is a passionate educator and has served on the McKinney ISD Board of Trustees for 38 years. Together they helped found Serenity High and the Crape Myrtle Trails of McKinney. Each year CCMGA selects a local organization to be their charity partner for The Garden Show. This year all proceeds from the $2 entry donation will benefit Community Garden Kitchen. This local non-profit’s mission is to provide food insecure residents with freshly prepared healthy meals on a daily basis in a restaurant style setting. Visitors to Community Garden Kitchen can also enjoy learning, growing, and eating the produce they help raise. The Garden Show is an indoor event, so come rain or shine! Hours are from 10:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. on Saturday, March 18, and from 11:00-4:00 p.m. Sunday, March 19. Entry on both days is a donation of $2 per person. Parking is free. Bringing your own cart or wagon is strongly encouraged. Visit for up-to-date information.

Round Top: The Herb Society of America, Pioneer Unit’s Annual Plant and Gift Sale. Friday, March 17, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. and Saturday, March 18, 8 a.m.-3 p.m. Bring your carts and wagons to Round Top Festival Institute to fill with plants from our annual plant and gift sale. Replace those plants that didn't make it through the winter with items from our great selection of bedding plants, herbs, shrubs and succulents. You'll find new varieties and old favorites in the plant sale as well as lovely garden gifts and delicious food items in the Thyme Well Spent Shop. Admission is free. 248 Jaster Road, Round Top. See or call 832-867-9617.

San Antonio: Saturday, March 18, 9-4. Support the San Antonio Garden Centers’ Annual Plant Sale, 3310 N. New Braunfels Ave @ Funston, San Antonio. This is an indoor event, so come rain or shine. Be inspired for your spring garden with annuals, perennials, natives, daylilies, succulents, herbs, hanging baskets, vegetables and much more. Always fun to check out the donated plants and garden related items. For more information, visit

Austin: The Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service and Travis County Master Gardeners spring 2023 Earth-Kind Gardening Field Day will be held Saturday, March 25, from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m., at the Travis County AgriLife Extension office, 1600 Smith Road, Austin. Parking is available along Smith Road. The event is free and open to the public. The spring 2023 theme is Container Gardening 101 — for indoor and outdoor gardening. The first 100 attendees will receive a free 5.5" eco-container and saucer courtesy of Gardenio ( — a new kind of garden club app for food growers — to start their growing journeys. Workshops will teach participants about houseplant care, growing ornamentals or vegetables in pots, and create a composting system. Other activities focus on vermicomposting, irrigation, rainwater harvesting, and entomology. A limited supply of Earth-Kind plants and the popular Travis County Master Gardener publications Garden Guide for Austin and Vicinity, and From Drought to Deluge: The Resilient Central Texas Garden will be available for purchase. ( Special guests Kim and Andrew Cook from EXACO ( will be on hand to cut the ribbon on the new educational greenhouse that they donated to the Travis County Master Gardeners. The schedule includes: 9:00 a.m. Compost Workshop; 10:00 a.m. Houseplant University 11:00 a.m. The 6D’s of Container Gardening; 12:00 p.m. Dedication Ceremony. For more information, visit: or call the Master Gardener Help Desk at (512) 710-7098.

Bryan: Select from natives, perennials, herbs, vegetables and bulbs especially suited to Brazos County growing conditions at the Brazos County Master Gardener’s Spring Plant Sale, Saturday, March 25, 8 a.m.-11 a.m., at the Brazos County Extension Office, 4153 County Park Ct., Bryan (next to the County Tax Office). Bring your wagon and load up!

Huntsville: On March 25, 8:00 a.m.-2:00 p.m., the Texas Thyme Unit of the Herb Society of America will host its annual Herb Festival at the Wynne Home. A huge selection of locally grown plants will be for sale, including herbs, perennials, natives, pollinator, passalongs, bulbs, and vegetables. There will be speakers, herb and garden related vendors and artists, music, and children's activities. It is a fun and free event. Proceeds support our scholarship program and herb gardens at the historic Wynne Home Arts Center, 1428 11th Street, Huntsville. For information: or call 936-891-5024.

Jacksonville: Cherokee County Master Gardeners Spring Conference will be held March 25, 2023, 1:00-4:00 at the First Christian Church, 1920 Beaumont, Jacksonville. For questions contact Brenda Sheridan at 903-571-7417.

Lufkin: The Angelina County Master Gardeners are holding their annual Spring Plant Sale Saturday, March 25, at the Angelina County Farmers Market, 2107 S. Medford Dr., Lufkin. The gates open at 8 a.m. and close when sold out. Arrive early for the best selection. Being offered, all proven performers for the East Texas area: Natives, Perennials, Roses, Trees, Vines, Vegetables and Herbs. Proceeds fund educational projects for all ages and scholarships for graduating seniors going into some form of horticulture careers. Pick up a detailed plant list at the Angelina County Master Gardeners Facebook page or at the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Office, 2201 S. Medford Dr, Lufkin. Checks and cash only.

Taylor: The Friends of the Taylor Public Library are hosting a Plant Swap at the Taylor Public Library, 801 Vance St., Taylor, on March 25 from 11 to 2 p.m. All children will receive a free plant. Adults bring plants or garden tools to swap. Master Gardeners and other plant experts will be on hand to give advice.

Online: John Bagnasco will lead Lost, Found & Still Around…The Proposition of Saving Rose Varieties in the 21st Century at 7 p.m., Thursday, April 13. He has been a part the gardening industry for over 54 years, starting with a degree in Horticultural Marketing from Michigan State University. In 2000, John became senior editor for Garden Compass Magazine and a garden show radio host. He is currently the president of Garden America, a nationally syndicated radio show. John is also an amateur rose breeder and is responsible for introducing over a dozen new roses. He has taught horticulture classes at Palomar College and San Diego State University. He is the host of the DVD “The Essential Guide to Roses.” John has written two books on succulents: Planting Designs for Cactus and Succulents and Success with Succulents. He is the current President of the California Coastal Rose Society (CCRS) and Chairman of the Save the Roses! foundation. Last year was the twenty-second year for the Annual “Save the Roses!” Auction. The organization is now working with concerned rosarians and public gardens to preserve the genetic of rare and unusual rose varieties through an effort to return them to home gardens. Join virtually from the comfort of home or office using a computer, tablet or smartphone device on the GoTo Meeting website at If you have not used GoTo Meeting previously, get the app now and be ready when your first meeting starts at

Clear Lake: Clear Lake Native Plant Society Spring Sale: April 15, 8 a.m.-10 a.m. Located at UHCL, 2700 Bay Area Blvd., Clear Lake. For more information, contact Cheryl Barajas at

Gonzales: The Gonzales Master Gardeners will hold their annual Spring Plant Sale on Saturday, April 15, on Independence Square in downtown Gonzales from 8:30 a.m. until 1:00 p.m. They will be offering many perennial/adaptive native plants, annuals, herbs, hanging baskets, houseplants and succulents. There will also be a few varieties of citrus and fruit trees along with blackberries and blueberries. There will be a great Silent Auction, children’s activities and “Ask the Master Gardener” booth. They will be accepting cash/checks/credit/debit cards this year. Come on out for a great time (rain or shine). For more information, call 830-672-8531.

Rosenberg: Sat., April 15: Grow Your Own Series: Warm-Season Vegetables & Herbs with Fort Bend County Master Gardeners, 9-10:30 a.m. For additional details, visit or 281-342-3034.

Flower Mound: Texas Native Plant Sale, sponsored by the Trinity Forks Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas,will be held Saturday, April 29, 10:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m. or sellout.! There will be more than 1,200 plants and 170+ species, and knowledgeable volunteers to help with your selection. The sale will be at Flower Mound High School, 3411 Peters Colony Road, Flower Mound, on the back parking lot at the corner of Old Settlers Road and Sagebrush Drive. Bring a flat or box to make taking home all your treasures easier.
Weekly Meetings

Galveston: The Young Gardeners Program is a school garden and healthy eating program operating on Galveston and the Bolivar Peninsula. Every Saturday, 9-11 a.m., they host a garden Community Day at one of the schools. It's an opportunity for community members to work and play in the garden and it's kid-friendly. First Saturday - Crenshaw, 416 State Hwy 87, Crystal Beach; Second Saturday - Rosenberg Elementary, 721 10th St., Galveston; Third Saturday - Morgan Elementary, 1410 37th St., Galveston; Fourth Saturday - Oppe Elementary, 2915 81st St., Galveston.
Monthly Meetings

If you would like your organization's events included in "Monthly Meetings" or would like to make a change to a listed meeting, please contact us at Monthly Meetings. To ensure inclusion in this column, please provide complete details. 
Jasper: The Jasper County Master Gardeners meet on the first Monday of each month at St. Michael's Catholic Church from 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. The evening begins with pot luck social and then guest presentations and/or educational class to conclude. Visit to verify meeting date for any given month, as circumstances could require a change, and to find information on the speaker and topic scheduled for each meeting; Visit to become a member.
Kaufman: The Kaufman County Master Gardener Association meets the first Monday of each month (second Monday if the first is a holiday) the First Community Church at 1402 Trinity Drive in Crandall. An educational program begins at 10 a.m., followed by the business meeting. For topic and additional information, visit and check Events. Refreshments will be available. For more information or to ask about accommodations, call 469-376-4520, or email Jackie Robertson at

Houston: The Harris County Master Gardeners meet at noon the first Tuesday of each month at a location in Houston to be determined. For additional information, visit or call 713-274-0950.

Schulenberg: Schulenburg Garden Club meets the first Tuesday of each month, at 11:30 a.m., September-May, at the Schulenburg First Baptist Church Fellowship Hall, 110 Upton Ave., Schulenburg.

Corpus Christi: The Coastal Bend Cactus and Succulent Society meets the first Wednesday of each month at 6:30 p.m. at the Garden Senior Center, 5325 Greely Dr., Corpus Christi. The purpose is to stimulate an interest in cactus and succulent plants by providing a forum to foster and broaden knowledge of the plants. Join the society on Facebook: Coastal Bend Cactus & Succulent Society.

Dallas: Garden Masters, Inc., meet the first Wednesday of each month, Sept.- May, at North Haven Gardens, 7700 Northaven Rd., Dallas, 75230. The club hosts different speakers each month from 11:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m. Come early and order lunch from the The Cafe, which features a healthy menu, fresh local produce and sustainably produced meats and fish (or call in advance to order 972-338-2233). For more information about Garden Masters Inc, email Marcia Borders at
Kerrville: Hill Country Master Gardeners meet the first Wednesday of each month at 1:00 pm at Hill Country Youth Event Center, 3785 Hwy 27. For more information visit
Midland: The Permian Basin Master Gardeners (Ector/Midland counties) have monthly meetings at noon on the first Wednesday of each month at the West Texas Food Bank, 1601 Westcliff Drive in Midland. For more information call 432-498-4071 or 432-686-4700.

Navasota: The Navasota Garden Club meets on the first Wednesday of each month (September through May) at 10:00 a.m., usually at the First Presbyterian Church Family Life Center, 302 Nolan Street, Navasota. If not meeting at the church, a change of meeting notice will be placed on the door of the Family Life Building. Guests are welcome. Members are from Grimes County and surrounding counties.

San Antonio: The San Antonio Garden Center meets on the first Wednesday of each month from September – May at 3310 N. New Braunfels @ Funston, San Antonio. Social and plant sale begins at 9:30 a.m. Program at 10 a.m. Open to the public. For more information visit
Allen: The Allen Garden Club meets at 7 p.m. on the first Thursday of each month, February through December, at the Allen Heritage Center, 100 E. Main St., Allen. For more information, visit

Atlanta: The Cass County Master Gardeners meet the first Thursday of each month at the Atlanta Memorial Hospital Conference Room, State Highway 77 @ S. Williams St., Atlanta. A business meeting is followed by an educational program. The public is welcome to attend. For additional information, call 903-756-5391 or visit

Fort Worth: The Native Plant Society of Texas - North Central Chapter meets the first Thursday of each month, excluding January and July, at the Fort Worth Botanic Garden, 3220 Botanic Garden Blvd., Fort Worth. Meeting begins at 6:30 p.m., program begins at 7:00 p.m. Guest speakers present educational programs on topics of interest. Members, friends, family, guests and the public are welcome. For a list of speakers and topics or more information, visit
Hempstead: The Waller County Master Gardeners usually meet at 9 a.m. the first Thursday of each month at the Waller County AgriLife Extension Office, 846 6th St., Hempstead. For more information on the meeting schedule, visit or call 979-826-7651.
Gonzales: Gonzales Master Gardeners hold their monthly meeting at noon on the first Thursday of each month at 623 Fair Street, Gonzales. Bring a bag lunch, drinks provided. Contact AgriLife Extension Office at 830-672-8531 or visit for more information.

New Braunfels: The Comal Garden Club meets the first Thursday of each month at 9:30 a.m. at Southbank Clubhouse, 222 Southbank Blvd., New Braunfels.
Austin: Austin Organic Gardeners Club meets at 6:30 p.m. on the second Monday of each month (except December) at the Austin Area Garden Center, 2220 Barton Springs Road, Zilker Botanical Gardens in Austin. Doors open at 6:30 p.m.; club business begins at 7:00 p.m., followed by a presentation. For more information, visit

Jacksonville: The Cherokee County Master Gardeners meet on the second Monday of each month at 9:30 a.m. at The First Methodist Church, 1031 TX-456 Loop, Jacksonville. For additional information, contact Kim Benton at
Cedar Park/Leander/Liberty Hill: The Hill Country Bloomers meet the second Tuesday of each month (except December) at 7 p.m. at the Cedar Park Recreation Center, 1435 Main Street, Cedar Park. Arrive at 6:30 p.m. to socialize and swap plants and seeds. Meetings feature guest speakers on a variety of topics for the home gardener or landscaper. They host a plant sale in the spring and a garden tour in the late summer/early fall. Throughout the year they contribute time and expertise to local projects. Those with any level of experience are welcome. Non-members are invited to their first meeting at no cost. Membership and speaker info is available at

Glen Rose: The Glen Rose Garden Club meets at 10 a.m. on the second Tuesday of each month (September through May) at the Somervell County Community Center in Glen Rose. For additional information, email

Glen Rose: The Prairie Rose Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas meets at 6 p.m. on the second Monday of each month at the Somerville County Citizen Center, 209 SW Barnard St., Glen Rose. For additional information, email
Harrison County: The Harrison County Master Gardeners meet on the second Tuesday of each month in the Harrison County Annex building, 102 W Houston St. (south side of the square), Marshall. Meetings are held in the 2nd floor AgriLife Extension meeting room. For more information, call 903-935-8413, or email
Marion: The Guadalupe Chapter, Native Plant Society of Texas meets on the second Tuesday of each month except July, August and December at St. John Lutheran Church in Marion. Directions to St. John Lutheran Church: From FM 78 turn south onto FM 465 and the church is just past the Marion School on the right. From IH-10 go north on FM 465 towards Marion. The Church will be on the left, just before you get to town. A plant exchange and meet-and-greet begins at 6:30 p.m. followed by the program at 7 p.m. Visitors are always welcome. For more information or an application to join NPSOT contact Or visit
Quitman: The Quitman Garden Club meets at 2 p.m. the second Tuesday of each month at the Quitman Library on E Goode Street, Quitman. It is a diverse group that welcomes all visitors. For more information, e-mail
Denton: The Denton County Master Gardener Association meets from 9:30 a.m. until 11 a.m. the second Wednesday of each month. Meetings are open to the public. For complete details, visit
Humble: The Mercer Arboretum & Botanic Garden, 22306 Aldine Westfield Road, Humble, hosts a Lunch Bunch the second Wednesday of each month from noon until 2 p.m. Take a sack lunch or order a box lunch from Starbucks when you call 281-443-8731 to reserve your spot. Master Gardeners and Masters Naturalists may earn CEU credits by attending.
Jacksboro: The Jacksboro Garden Club meets at 9:30 a.m. the second Wednesday of each month (except June, July and August) at the Concerned Citizens Center, 400 East Pine Street, Jacksboro. For more information, call Melinda at 940-567-6218.
Longview: The Gregg County Master Gardeners Association's Learn at Lunch program meet the second Wednesday of each month. The business meeting begins at 11:30 a.m., with the program at noon, at the AgriLife Extension Office, 405 E. Marshall Ave., Longview. The program is presented for horticultural education and is free to the public. For further information call 903-236-8429, visit, or like us on Facebook at Gregg County Master Gardeners. 
Rockport: The Rockport Herb & Rose Study Group, founded in March 2003, meets the
second Wednesday of each month at 10 a.m. at 619 N. Live Oak Street, Room 14, Rockport, to discuss all aspects of using and growing herbs, including historical uses and tips for successful propagation and cultivation. Sometimes they take field trips and have cooking demonstrations in different locations. For more information, contact Linda 361-729-6037, Ruth 361-729-8923 or Cindy 979-562-2153 or visit and
Woodway: The McLennan County Master Gardeners meeting is held on the second Wednesday of each each month at noon at the Central Presbyterian Church, 9191 Woodway Dr., Woodway. For more information, call 254-757-5180.
Beaumont: The Jefferson County Master Gardeners meet at 6 p.m. (social) 7:00 (meeting) the second Thursday of each month except in July in the AgriLife Extension auditorium, 1225 Pearl 2nd floor (downtown Beaumont next to the Court House). For more information contact: 409-835-8461 or
Georgetown: The Williamson County Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas meets from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m. the second Thursday of each month at the Georgetown Public Library, 402 W. 8th Street. Georgetown. For additional information, contract Kathy Henderson at or visit
Orange: The Orange County Master Gardeners Association holds their monthly meeting on the second Thursday of each month. A short program is presented. The meeting starts at 6:30 p.m. at the new Orange County Expo Center on Hwy 1442 in Orangefield. Enter the building in the front entrance, first door on the right, Texas AgriLife offices. Pot luck supper at 6 p.m. Visit for more information.

Pasadena: The Harris County Precinct 2 Master Gardeners hold an educational program at 10 a.m. on the second Thursday of each month at The Genoa Friendship Garden Educational Building at 1202 Genoa Red Bluff, Pasadena. The programs are free and open to the public. For more information, visit

San Antonio: The San Antonio Herb Society meets at 7 p.m. on the second Thursday of each month at the San Antonio Garden Center, 3310 N. New Braunfels (corner of Funston & N. New Braunfels). For more information on programs, visit

San Marcos: The Spring Lake Garden Club meets the second Thursday of each month at 9:30 a.m., September-May, at McCoy's Building Supply Headquarters, 1350 IH-35, San Marcos. Contact Terri Boyd (512) 395-66644 x6134.

Smithville: The Smithville Community Gardens meets at 5:30 p.m. the second Thursday of each month at the Smithville Recreation Center. 
Angleton: The Brazoria County Master Gardeners meet at 11 a.m. on the second Friday of each month at the Brazoria County Extension Office, 21017 County Road 171, Angleton. There is a general business meeting followed by a brief educational program each month. For further information call 979-864-1558, ext.110.
College Station: The A&M Garden Club meets on the second Friday of each month during the school year at 9:30 a.m. at Peace Lutheran Church, Fellowship Hall, 2201 Rio Grande Blvd., College Station. Expert speakers, plant sharing, and federated club projects help members learn about gardening in the Brazos Valley, floral design, conservation, and more. For more information, visit
Houston: The Spring Branch African Violet Club meets the second Saturday of each month,January through November, at 10:00 a.m. at the Copperfield Baptist Church, 8350 Highway 6 North, Houston. Call Karla at 281-748-8417 prior to attending to confirm meeting date and time.
Dallas: The Rainbow Garden Club of North Texas meets the second Sunday of each month at 2 p.m. Everyone is welcome. Meetings are held at member's homes and garden centers around the area. For more information, visit
Arlington: The Arlington Men's Garden Club meets from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m. on the third Monday of each month (except December) at the Bob Duncan Center, 2800 S. Center Street, Arlington. For more information, contact Lance Jepson at
Cleburne: The Johnson County Master Gardeners meet on the third Monday of each month at Johnson. County Agricultural Office, 109 W. Chambers, Cleburne. Meeting times are at 6 p.m. An educational program precedes the business meeting.
New Braunfels: The Comal Master Gardeners meet at 6 p.m. the third Monday of each month (except April and December,) at the GVTC Auditorium, 36101 FM 3159, New Braunfels. An educational program precedes the business meeting. The public is invited to attend. For additional information, call 830-620-3440 or visit

Texarkana: The Four Corners Chapter of Native Plant Society of Texas meets at 7 p.m. on the third Monday of each month at the Southwest Center, 3222 W. 7th St. (U.S. 67), Texarkana. Visitors are welcome. For additional information, contact Belinda McCoy at 903-424-7724 or

Abilene: The Master Gardeners meet the third Tuesday of each month at the Taylor County Extension Office, 1982 Lytle Way, Abilene. For more information, contact Big Country Master Gardeners Association at

Alvarado: The Alvarado Garden Club meets on the third Tuesday of each month during the months of September through May (excluding December). The meeting time is 1 p.m. and the locations vary for each meeting. The club hosts a different and exciting speaker each month that focuses on enriching the lives of all gardeners. Meetings are free and include a light lunch. The public is invited to attend. For additional information, please contact 817-680-4291. 

Corpus Christi: The Nueces Master Gardeners meet at noon the third Tuesday of each month, except December, at Garden Senior Center, 5325 Greely Dr., Corpus Christi. An educational program precedes the business meeting. For further information call 361 767-5217.
New Braunfels: The Lindheimer Chapter (Comal County) of the Native Plant Society of Texas meets on the third Tuesday of each month at  6:30 pm at the GVTC Auditorium, 36101 FM 3159, New Braunfels. Meetings include an informative speaker and a Plant of the Month presentation. Meetings are free and visitors are welcome. For more information, visit  Note: there will be no meeting in June or December.
Rockport: Monthly meetings of the Aransas/San Patricio Master Gardeners are held at 10 a.m. on the third Tuesday of each month at Texas AgriLife Extension Service - Aransas County Office, 892 Airport Rd., Rockport. For additional information, e-mail or call 361-790-0103.
Sugar Land: The Sugar Land Garden Club meets on the third Tuesday of each month, September through November and January through April at 10 a.m. at the Knights of Columbus Hall, 702 Burney Road, Sugar Land. The club hosts a different speaker each month. For more information, visit
Denton: The Denton Organic Society, a group devoted to sharing information and educating the public regarding organic principles, meets the third Wednesday of each month (except July, August and December) at the Denton Senior Center, 509 N. Bell Avenue. Meetings are free and open to the public. Meetings begin at 7 p.m. and are preceded by a social at 6:30. For more information, call 940-382-8551.
Glen Rose: The Somervell County Master Gardeners meet at 10 a.m., the third Wednesday of each month at the Somervell County AgriLife Extension office, 1405 Texas Drive, Glen Rose. Visitors are welcome. For more information, call 254-897-2809 or visit
Granbury: The Lake Granbury Master Gardeners meet at 1 p.m. on the third Wednesday of each month at the Hood County Annex 1, 1410 West Pearl Street, Granbury. The public is invited to attend. There is an educational program each month preceding the business meeting. For information on topics call 817-579-3280 or visit

Waco: The McLennan County Master Gardeners host Lunch with the Masters on the third Wednesday of each month at noon at MCC’s Emergency Services Education Center (ESEC), 7601 Steinbeck Bend Dr., Waco. These educational programs are free and open to the public. Attendees bring their own lunch. For more information, call 254-757-5180.

Brownwood: Brownwood Garden Club meets the third Thursday of each month, 11:30 a.m.- 1 p.m. The club meetings are at Southside Baptist Church, 1219 Indian Creek Road, with refreshments and a speaker presentation. Visitors are welcome. For more information, email or call 817-454-8175.
Hallettsville: The Hallettsville Garden Club meets at 2 p.m. on the third Thursday of each month from September through May, at the Hallettsville Garden and Cultural Center, 107 Fink Street, Hallettsville. Each month, the club hosts speakers that provide informative programs on a wide range of gardening subjects, and refreshments are provided by member hostesses afterwards. Visitors are welcome! Please email Sharon Harrigan at for more information.
Houston: The Native Plant Society of Texas - Houston Chapter meets at 6:45 pm on the third Thursday of each month at the Houston Arboretum, 4501 Woodway, Houston. For more information about meeting presentations and native plants, visit

Mineola: The Fannie Marchman Garden Club meets at the Mineola Civic Center, 9:30-11:30 a.m. the third Wednesday of each month from September through May. For additional information, find them on Facebook or email

Ft. Worth: The North Texas Daylily Society is affiliated with the American Daylily Society and is located in AHS Region 6. Club meetings are held in the Camellia Room located inside the Fort Worth Botanic Garden, 3220 Botanic Garden Blvd, on the third Thursday of each month (excluding June and July). Throughout the year NTDS hosts guest speakers, special interest programs, an annual daylily show, an annual daylily sale, and social activities and outings. For more information visit, their Facebook page at

San Antonio: The Bexar County Master Gardeners (BCMG) meet on the third Thursday of each month at the Texas AgriLife Extension Office, 3355 Cherry Ridge Dr., Suite 208, San Antonio. During the months of Jan., March, May, July, Sep. and Nov., an evening meeting with presentation is held 6:00-8:00 p.m. During the intervening months (Feb., April, June, Aug., Oct.), afternoon educational seminars/general meetings are held from 1:00-3:00 p.m. Check to verify meeting date for any given month, as circumstances could require a change, and to find information on the speaker and topic scheduled for each meeting.
Seguin: The Guadalupe County Master Gardeners meets at 6:30 p.m. the third Thursday of each month, at the AgriLife Building, 210 East Live Oak, Seguin. After a brief social hour, the meeting and guest speaker begins at 7 p.m. The meeting is free and open to the public. For additional information, call 830-303-3889 or visit
Fort Worth: The Greater Fort Worth Herb Society meetings are held the third Saturday of each month at Texas Garden Club Inc, 3111 Old Garden Club Rd., Fort Worth (located next to the Fort Worth Botanic Garden), 10:00 a.m. to noon, September through June. For more information, email
New Braunfels: The New Braunfels Chapter of Native Plant Society of Texas meets on the fourth Monday of each month except July and December. Meetings are held at the New Braunfels Public Library, 700 E. Common St, New Braunfels. Meetings are “hybrid” with in-person and Zoom available. They start at 5:45 PM. with a meet and greet time, followed by a short business meeting at 6:15 PM. Programs begin at 6:30 PM. Native plant and seed exchanges are held monthly. Expert speakers present educational programs on topics of interest. Meetings are free and open to the public. For more information about Zoom or to join, visit
Brackenridge Park: The Native Plant Society San Antonio Chapter meets every fourth Tuesday of each month at 7 p.m. in the Lions Field Adult and Senior Center, 2809 Broadway at E. Mulberry, Brackenridge Park, except August and December. Social and seed/plant exchange at 6:30 p.m. Free and open to the public. For more information, contact Bea at 210-999-7292 or visit
Bryan: The Brazos County Master Gardeners, a program of Texas AgriLife Extension, meet the fourth Tuesday of the month at 7 p.m. at the Brazos County Extension Office, 4153 County Park Ct., Bryan. There is a public gardening program at each meeting and pertinent information may be found at or 979-823-0129.
Edna: The Jackson County Master Gardeners present their "Come Grown With Us" seminars on the fourth Tuesday of each month, January through October, beginning at 7 p.m. at 411 N. Wells, Edna. The seminars are free, open to the public and offer 2 CEU hours to Master Gardeners or others requiring them. For additional information, contact the Jackson County Extension Office at 361-782-3312.
Linden: The Caddo Wildflower Chapter of Native Plants Society meets the fourth Tuesday of each month at the senior citizens building at 507 S Kaufman St. in Linden at 6:30. Visitors are welcome. For additional information, contact Karen Tromza at
San Antonio: The Native Plant Society of Texas San Antonio Chapter meets the fourth Tuesday of each month, except August and December, at the Lions Field Adult & Senior Center, 2809 Broadway, San Antonio. Social and plant/seed exchange at 6:30 p.m., program at 7:00 p.m. For more information, visit or email
Houston: The Houston Native Prairie Association meets at 7 p.m. on the fourth Wednesday of each month (except November and December) at the Houston Red Cross Building, 2700 Southwest Freeway, Houston. Refreshments served at 6:30 p.m. For more information, contact

Austin: The Garden Club of Austin meets at Zilker Botanical Gardens auditorium, 2220 Barton Springs Rd., Austin, at 7:00 p.m. on the fourth Thursday of each month. 7:00-7:30 p.m. Refreshments and Social, followed by a presentation at 7:30 p.m. Free. For additional information, visit

Leander: The Leander Garden Club meets on the fourth Thursday of each month (except June, July and August) at 10:30 a.m. in the Fellowship Room of the Leander Presbyterian Church, 101 N. West St., Leander, unless there is a special event planned. Following a program and short business meeting, there is a pot-luck luncheon. To confirm the meeting place and time, please call President Kathleen Tully at 512-422-8580 or email
Dallas: The Dallas County Master Gardeners meet the fourth Thursday of each month at 11:30 a.m. For location and program information, visit or contact The Helpdesk, M-F, 8 to 4:30 214-904-3053.

Denton: The Trinity Forks Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas meets the fourth Thursday of each month to share information about native plants. Excellent programs are heard each month. Social time begins at 6:30, program at 7:00 p.m. For more information, visit

Arlington: The Arlington Organic Garden Club meets from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m. on the last Thursday of each month (except November and December) at the Bob Duncan Center, 2800 S. Center Street, Arlington. For more information, contact David at 817-483-7746.

Hempstead: The Peckerwood Garden Conservation Foundation, 20559 F.M. 359, Hempstead, hosts a garden Open Days from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. on the fourth Saturday of each month. Drop-in tours are permitted but pre-registration is encouraged. Docent led tours are $10 for guests, free for members. For more information,
Dallas: The Greater Dallas Organic Garden Club meets at 2:30 p.m. on the fourth Sunday of each month (except November and December) at North Haven Gardens, 7700 Northaven Road, Dallas. For more information, visit
Texas Gardener's Seeds is published weekly. © Suntex Communications, Inc. 2023. All rights reserved. You may forward this publication to your friends and colleagues if it is sent in its entirety. No individual part of this newsletter may be reproduced in any manner without prior written permission from the publisher. 

Texas Gardener's Seeds has been published each Wednesday since April 26, 2006.
Publisher: Jay White ● Editor: Michael Bracken 
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