February 17, 2021
Astronaut Stuart Roosa, commander of the Apollo 14 mission, took seeds from several tree species provided by the U.S. Forest Service into space with him. (Courtesy photo)
‘Moon tree’ at Texas A&M Gardens to celebrate and inspire collaboration
Written by Paul Schattenberg
Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service
While most people familiar with the U.S. Space Program’s Apollo missions know about moon rocks, a lesser known but just as interesting outcome of those missions was the NASA and U.S. Forest Service, USFS, collaboration on the moon tree project.
In 1971, as astronauts Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell walked on the surface of the Moon during the Apollo 14 mission, Stuart Roosa, a former USFS “smoke jumper,” was orbiting above them in the Kitty Hawk command module.
Inside Roosa’s personal kit were hundreds of seeds from different tree species — loblolly pine, sycamore, sweetgum, redwood and Douglas fir pine — provided for the mission by the USFS.
Once the astronauts returned to Earth, the seeds were given to the USFS to be germinated. The resulting viable seedlings produced from these seeds were dubbed “moon trees.” Many were planted throughout the U.S., mostly in conjunction with the nation’s bicentennial celebration, and in other countries.
In the U.S., moon trees can also be found on the grounds of the White House, Washington Square, Valley Forge, the International Forest of Friendship and at various universities and NASA centers. They have also been planted in Brazil and Switzerland, and one was presented to the Emperor of Japan.
A moon tree was also planted at Roosa’s home in Austin in 1978.
These trees and their descendants continue to stand as a tribute to the Apollo program and to Roosa.
Moon tree planting at Texas A&M
One of the moon tree descendants, a loblolly pine, was planted Feb. 8 at The Gardens at Texas A&M University. The planting was to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 14 mission that occurred Jan. 31 to Feb. 9 in 1971.
“The Texas A&M Forest Service acquired a genetic copy of an original loblolly pine moon tree whose seed journeyed to the moon and back aboard Apollo 14,” said Texas state forester and director of Texas A&M Forest Service Tom Boggus at the planting. “The tree was obtained from research conducted at the U.S. Department of Agriculture Southern Research Station.”
Boggus said the planting was made possible through a collaboration between the USFS Southern Research Station, Southern Institute of Forest Genetics and the Texas A&M Forest Service Western Gulf Forest Tree Improvement Program.
He also noted the Texas A&M Forest Service formed the first genetic tree improvement program in the nation in 1951. This program, as well as the Western Gulf Forest Tree Improvement Program, which began in 1969, were established to support research in forest genetics, selection, breeding and testing, along with technology transfer for long-term regeneration of forests.
In his remarks, Boggus emphasized the importance of forests to humans and animals for oxygen and shelter, as well as for their role in filtering water, protecting watersheds and preventing soil erosion. Boggus expressed his deep appreciation for the long-standing collaborative relationship between the Texas A&M Forest Service and NASA.
The moon tree as a symbol for inspiration
Patrick J. Stover, Ph.D., vice chancellor of Texas A&M AgriLife, dean of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and director of Texas A&M AgriLife Research, said the planting of the moon tree at the teaching gardens would stand as a “symbol of what is possible through scientific advancement and research.”
He also said having a moon tree on campus was fitting for both Texas A&M AgriLife and The Gardens.
“We are hoping this moon tree will serve as an inspiration to our students and others,” Stover said. “The gardens are supposed to represent the past, present and future of Texas agriculture, and the moon tree is a representation of the future and what all can be done by working together.”
He also noted the moon tree was a representation of bringing together the important concepts of agricultural education, natural resource conservation land management and tree species protection.
“Forests are vital for both human physical and mental health,” Stover said.
Though unable to attend, Rosemary Roosa, daughter of astronaut Col. Stuart Roosa and president of the Moon Tree Foundation, delivered a virtual message to planting attendees.
In her message, she related the story of her father’s involvement in the Apollo program and how this corresponded with his previous experience at the USFS.
“My father loved the forest and he used to take the family into the woods so we could experience nature,” she recounted. “The Moon Tree Foundation motto is ‘Planting the Seed of Inspiration,’ and I can think of no better place to plant this tree than where young people at the university can look at it and be inspired by it.”
She also said she hopes a seed or seeds from moon trees planted here on Earth would one day be brought back to the moon — possibly on the upcoming Artemis mission to the moon slated for 2024.
Why the loblolly pine?
Jan Davis, a deputy regional forester with the Southern Region of the USDA Forest Service, also spoke at the planting. The service’s Southern Region encompasses 13 states, including Texas, as well as Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Known as Region 8, it oversees more than 13 million acres of land, which includes 14 national forests and grasslands.
Davis explained why the loblolly pine, which is the commonly encountered pine in Texas and forms extensive forests in the eastern part of the state, was selected as the tree species to be planted at Texas A&M.
She said the loblolly pine seeds, such as the one that produced the Texas A&M moon tree, were selected for the Apollo 14 mission because researchers “realized their genetic makeup was much like the solar system where outer space and inner space meet and that could, in theory, and also in Roosa’s mind, hold a key to the evolution of trees.”
Davis explained that after the seeds that orbited the moon were sprouted back on Earth, some were distributed to research centers in the south. It was a scion or “offspring” of one of these trees that was planted at the teaching garden.
She also noted that in the years since the moon trees orbited the earth, the USFS, Texas A&M Forest Service and NASA have “crossed paths at other times.”
“Both agencies were instrumental in the recovery work after the tragic event of the Columbia Space Shuttle explosion in 2003,” she said. “Then we crossed paths again in 2005, when Col. Michael Fossum was keynote speaker at the Society of American Foresters National Convention in Fort Worth and shared his beliefs in commonalities between space and forest exploration.”
Texas A&M Forest Service partnership with NASA
Fossum, a retired NASA astronaut, chief operating officer at Texas A&M University at Galveston and superintendent of the Texas A&M Maritime Academy, also spoke at the planting.
He also attended as a representative for NASA and its Johnson Space Center having been an astronaut and the commander of Expedition 29 aboard the International Space Station in 2011.
In his remarks, Fossum thanked the Texas A&M Forest Service for its role in helping “solve the mystery of the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster and recovery” that took the lives of seven crew members. Several pieces of the craft were strewn over remote areas of the state and the service helped locate and identify them.
He also lauded the service for the exceptional work it did for the state in fighting the Bastrop County wildfires.
“As the space station passed over Texas in 2011, I was able to spot some of the wildfire activity and was told it was the fire that had spread throughout the Bastrop State Park,” he said. “That was where I had taken my Boy Scout troop years before, and the sight of that area burning really affected me.”
Fossum also spoke about the original experiment done with the moon tree seeds as well as their connection to Roosa and his love of the forest. He noted, however, the scientific conclusion that the seeds that were sent into space were unchanged by the experience was “hogwash” — at least in a figurative sense.
“My dad’s wedding ring was with me on the space station for 164 days and it’s changed forever,” he said. “My Aggie ring has been on all three missions and has 77 million miles on it. It’s still a hunk of precious Aggie gold, but it’s changed.”
Fossum said he is looking forward to the future of the space program and the eventuality of a human landing on Mars. He noted that for such a long journey it would likely be necessary for the astronauts to produce some of their own food during the journey, and new technology would be required to make that a reality.
“I have absolutely no doubt that one day there will be human footprints on Mars,” he said. “When that happens, I pray there will be at least one American flag on their shoulder and at least one Aggie ring carefully hidden inside their glove.”
Sixteen species of prairie plants were grown in separate pots for evaluation. The research findings may inform city landscape planners on the best plant selection for their needs. (Photo by Marie Johnston)
Aboveground traits can predict what certain species look like below the ground
 Soil Science Society of America
There’s a lot we can tell about plants by looking at them. We can see their leaves, stems and overall structure. But we can’t see what the roots look like under the ground, like root depth or structure. This Soil Science Society of America’s (SSSA) December 15th Soils Matter Blog explores how scientists can use aboveground traits such as bloom time and height to predict what plants look like underground.
Blogger Marie Johnston explains, “We also wanted to know if plants that bloomed at the same time in the season (flowering phenology) would have similar characteristics, and if plants with a similar shape (crown morphology) would share characteristics. Information about the species when grouped this way might be useful in picking one plant or another for a city planting.”
Johnston and her team inventoried which prairie plants were used in city plantings and chose 16 species and grew each species separately. When species reach the end of their flowering phase, the plant is usually done growing new leaves. So, when this happened, the research team cut down each individual specie, and removed the roots from the soil. To learn more about their findings, read the entire blog post: https://soilsmatter.wordpress.com/2020/12/15/can-the-parts-of-plants-we-can-see-help-predict-the-parts-of-them-we-cant/.
Upcoming Garden Events
If you would like your organization's events included in "Upcoming Garden Events" or would like to make a change to a listed event, please contact us at Garden Events. To ensure inclusion in this column, please provide complete details at least three weeks prior to the event.
The COVID-19 coronavirus outbreak has caused the cancellation of many events. Because SEEDS has a long lead time, events listed below may have already been cancelled. We strongly encourage you to take care of yourself by practicing social distancing. If you do wish to attend any of the events listed below, please contact the presenters in advance to determine if the event has been cancelled or if it will take place as planned.

Online: Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service is helping Texans explore beekeeping anytime through an online course – Beekeeping 101. Beekeeping has increased as a popular hobby and a way to reduce property taxes on smaller tracts of land. The four-hour online course for beginners will cover beekeeping basics, including how to start a beehive. Cost is $45.50 per person. Participants will learn how to raise bees in their backyard and how much it costs to start beekeeping. The course will answer questions about honeybee biology, beekeeping equipment and suit options, and what to expect during the first year of beekeeping. To enroll: https://agrilifelearn.tamu.edu/product?catalog=ENTO-025

Online: As part of the 2021 gardening seminar series, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service and Travis County Master Gardener Sandy Stone will host a two-part, free webinar helping homeowners create a landscaping master plan. The first installment, Homeowner Landscaping Plans: Site Documentation & Analysis, is on February 19 and the second, Homeowner Landscaping Plans: Design, Implementation, and Construction, is on February 26. Both webinars will start at 10 a.m. and end at noon. Sandy will dive into the D.I.Y. details on how to plan your own project for a new or existing landscape. She will provide direction on how to do a site analysis, then share examples of basic design principles to consider when gardening in Austin. Space is limited to 100 attendees. The programs will be recorded. All attendees must register to either attend the live seminar or view the recording. To register visit the AgriLife Extension’s Events Calendar. Attendees can submit questions prior to the webinars. Sandy’s presentations expand on the planning and design topic of the book, From Drought to Deluge: The Resilient Central Texas Garden, which can be purchased online from the Travis County Master Gardeners Association. For more information on this and other 2021 seminars see the Travis County Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service website.

Online: February 19-20 “Spring Plant Sale,” Online-only plant sale. Plants include citrus & avocado trees, perennials, bulbs, tomatoes, sweet peppers, lettuce & potatoes. Plant pickup at Galveston County Master Gardeners Discovery Garden in Carbide Park, 4102-B Main Street (Hwy 519), La Marque. For additional details visit: https://galveston-county-master-gardener-assn.square.site/.

Online: The Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service will be holding their annual Commercial Turf and Ornamental Workshop on Feb. 19 and Feb. 26 virtually this year amid COVID-19 concerns. The program will run Feb. 19 from 9 a.m. to noon and Feb. 26 from 9-11 a.m. on the Zoom platform. Preregistration is required by Feb. 17 to obtain the meeting links. The cost of the workshop is $25 and payable by check only. Pre-registration and advance payment by check only is required to be sent to Lubbock AgriLife Extension, Box 10536, Lubbock, TX 79408. Information needed includes name, pesticide applicator license number, phone number and email address. The workshop will offer five Texas Department of Agriculture continuing education units for pesticide applicators. Feb. 19 topics, speakers: Turfgrass Management – Becky Bowling, Ph.D., AgriLife Extension urban water specialist, Dallas; Tree Pests on the South Plains – Kevin Baird, Texas Forestry Service woodland ecologist, Amarillo; Oak Wilt – Reid. Feb. 26 topics, speakers: New Spray Laws and Regulations – Tim Davis, Texas Department of Agriculture inspector, Lubbock; Weed Management – Joey Young, Ph.D., assistant professor of turfgrass science, Texas Tech University, Lubbock. Call the AgriLife Extension office at 806-775-1740 for more information.

Online: The Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service and Travis County Master Gardeners will host two free webinars designed to help attendees create and implement their own home landscaping master plan. Travis County Master Gardener Sandy Stone will present at both webinars. The first webinar, Homeowner Landscaping Plans: Site Documentation and Analysis, will be at 10 a.m. on Feb. 19. The second program, Homeowner Landscaping Plans: Design, Implementation and Construction, will be at 10 a.m. on Feb. 26. Closed captioning will be provided for both webinars. There will be short breaks at approximately 11 a.m., and programs will conclude around noon. The webinars coincide with the recent publication of the book From Drought to Deluge: The Resilient Central Texas Garden, which can be purchased online from the Travis County Master Gardeners Association. The Feb. 19 program will focus on the steps to follow to begin your landscaping plan. Participants will receive instruction on how to create a plan, where to gather code and zoning information and which current site conditions to analyze. The Feb. 26 webinar will delve into design themes and how to select materials and plantings to support the concept. It will also get into the nitty-gritty on how to organize and install hardscapes, irrigation, plants and mulch. Due to technological constraints, the webinars have a limit of 100 attendees, but an unlimited number of people can register to view the recorded webinars. Those who register but are not among the first 100 attendees or who miss the webinar for any reason will be able to view it later. After registering, participants will be provided a link for the live session — or to view a recording of the program.” Attendees will have the opportunity to submit questions prior to the webinars and receive answers during the live program as time allows. Questions not answered during the live webinars will be answered by email. More information on the seminars can be found by signing up for event notifications and subscribing to the blog. Also, visit the AgriLife Extension’s Events Calendar.

Online: The second session of the Plant Party webinar trainings is set for Feb. 24 and the topic will be “Talking Ecology.” These free, quarterly plant webinars are hosted by the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture – Natural Resources Conservation Service. The webinar will consist of several 15-minute presentations that will begin at 10 a.m. and conclude by 11:30 a.m. Participants must register and will be sent the link to join the webinar the day before. Door prizes will be available for attendees. Topics and speakers: Ecological Site Descriptions: What Are They and How Are They Made, Jason Hohlt, U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service range specialist, Bryan. Plants as Indicator Species, Tim Siegmund, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department biologist, Bryan-College Station. Conversion of Introduced Grasses to Native Plants, Tony Falk, Ph.D., assistant director of South Texas Natives, Texas A&M University-Kingsville Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute-Texas Native Seeds, Kingsville. Ecological Site Descriptions: How to Access and Use Them for Planning, Hohlt. How New Climate Normals Relate to Ecology and Climate Change, Texas State Climatologist John Nielsen-Gammon, Ph.D., Bryan-College Station. Anyone from agriculture and natural resource professionals, landowners, Texas Master Naturalists, Texas Master Gardeners, 4-H youth and the general public are invited to join in. Past Plant Party recordings are available for viewing as well as the future schedule. For more information, email Clayton, Siegmund or Charles Kneuper.

Online: “Growing Peaches in Galveston County,” with Master Gardener Herman Auer presenting, 10 a.m.-noon, February 26, online via Zoom. Pre-registration required. Registration ends 3 pm the day before the program. Register: https://galveston.agrilife.org/event/growing-peaches-in-galveston-county/

Gonzlaes: Gonzales Master Gardeners will have two plant sales this Spring. The Tomato/Vegetable Sale will be held Saturday, March 6, selling only tomatoes, peppers, and other vegetables. The sale will take place at PACE (Plantatarium: A Center for Exploration) in the GMG building at 623 N. Fair Street (between the Gonzales Elementary School and Bus Barn). The sale will be held inside from 8:30 a.m. until 1:00 p.m. Masks and social distancing will be required. The number of people in the building will be limited at any given time. The annual Spring Plant Sale will be held Saturday, April 17, on Texas Heroes Square in downtown Gonzales from 8:30 a.m. until 1:00 p.m. Many perennial/adaptive native plants, annuals, herbs, tropical house plants and succulents will be available. There will also be a few varieties of citrus trees, blackberries and blueberries available. There will be a great Silent Auction, children’s activities and “Ask the Master Gardener” booth. Consider signing up for the next MG training class scheduled for the fall of 2021. Cash, checks, credit, debit cards will be accepted this year. Come on out for a great time (rain or shine). For more information contact Fran Saliger at fsaliger@gvec.net or call 830-203-0311.

Online: March 12-13 “March Madness Plant Sale.” Online-only plant sale. Plants fruit trees, Master Gardener grown plants, herbs, hot peppers, eggplant, squash, melons & cucumbers. Plant pickup at Galveston County Master Gardeners Discovery Garden in Carbide Park, 4102-B Main Street (Hwy 519), La Marque. For additional details visit: https://galveston-county-master-gardener-assn.square.site/.
Weekly Meetings

Galveston: The Young Gardeners Program is a school garden and healthy eating program operating on Galveston and the Bolivar Peninsula. Every Saturday, 9-11 a.m., they host a garden Community Day at one of the schools. It's an opportunity for community members to work and play in the garden and it's kid-friendly. First Saturday - Crenshaw, 416 State Hwy 87, Crystal Beach; Second Saturday - Rosenberg Elementary, 721 10th St., Galveston; Third Saturday - Morgan Elementary, 1410 37th St., Galveston; Fourth Saturday - Oppe Elementary, 2915 81st St., Galveston.
Monthly Meetings

If you would like your organization's events included in "Monthly Meetings" or would like to make a change to a listed meeting, please contact us at Monthly Meetings. To ensure inclusion in this column, please provide complete details. 
Jasper: The Jasper County Master Gardeners meet on the first Monday of each month at St. Michael's Catholic Church from 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. The evening begins with pot luck social and then guest presentations and/or educational class to conclude. Visit https://jasper.agrilife.org/jasper-master-gardeners/ to verify meeting date for any given month, as circumstances could require a change, and to find information on the speaker and topic scheduled for each meeting; Visit  https://mastergardener.tamu.edu/become/ to become a member.
Kaufman: The Kaufman County Master Gardeners meet the first Monday of each month at the First Community Church at 1401 Trinity Drive in Crandall. January through April and August and September meetings are at 9 a.m., with the remaining meetings beginning at 7 p.m. For additional information, visit http://www.kcmga.org, call 972-932-9069 or email to sbburden@ag.tamu.edu.

Houston: The Harris County Master Gardeners meet at noon the first Tuesday of each month at a location in Houston to be determined. For additional information, visit http://hcmga.tamu.edu/Public/ or call 713-274-0950.

Schulenberg: Schulenburg Garden Club meets the first Tuesday of each month, at 11:30 a.m., September-May, at the Schulenburg First Baptist Church Fellowship Hall, 110 Upton Ave., Schulenburg.

Dallas: Garden Masters, Inc., meet the first Wednesday of each month, Sept.- May, at North Haven Gardens, 7700 Northaven Rd., Dallas, 75230. The club hosts different speakers each month from 11:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m. Come early and order lunch from the The Cafe, which features a healthy menu, fresh local produce and sustainably produced meats and fish (or call in advance to order 972-338-2233). For more information about Garden Masters Inc, email Marcia Borders at borderlineart1@gmail.com.
Kerrville: Hill Country Master Gardeners meet the first Wednesday of each month at 1:00 pm at Hill Country Youth Event Center, 3785 Hwy 27. For more information visit www.hillcountrymastergardeners.org.
Midland: The Permian Basin Master Gardeners (Ector/Midland counties) have monthly meetings at noon on the first Wednesday of each month at the West Texas Food Bank, 1601 Westcliff Drive in Midland. For more information call 432-498-4071 or 432-686-4700.

Navasota: The Navasota Garden Club meets on the first Wednesday of each month (September through May) at 10:00 a.m., usually at the First Presbyterian Church Family Life Center, 302 Nolan Street, Navasota. If not meeting at the church, a change of meeting notice will be placed on the door of the Family Life Building. Guests are welcome. Members are from Grimes County and surrounding counties.
Allen: The Allen Garden Club meets at 7 p.m. on the first Thursday of each month, February through December, at the Allen Heritage Center, 100 E. Main St., Allen. For more information, visit www.allengardenclub.org.

Atlanta: The Cass County Master Gardeners meet the first Thursday of each month at the Atlanta Memorial Hospital Conference Room, State Highway 77 @ S. Williams St., Atlanta. A business meeting is followed by an educational program. The public is welcome to attend. For additional information, call 903-756-5391 or visit http://cass.agrilife.org

Fort Worth: The Native Plant Society of Texas - North Central Chapter meets the first Thursday of each month, excluding January and July, at the Fort Worth Botanic Garden, 3220 Botanic Garden Blvd., Fort Worth. Meeting begins at 6:30 p.m., program begins at 7:00 p.m. Guest speakers present educational programs on topics of interest. Members, friends, family, guests and the public are welcome. For a list of speakers and topics or more information, visit http://www.txnativeplants.org.
Hempstead: The Waller County Master Gardeners usually meet at 9 a.m. the first Thursday of each month at the Waller County AgriLife Extension Office, 846 6th St., Hempstead. For more information on the meeting schedule, visit http://txmg.org/wallermg or call 979-826-7651.
Gonzalas: Gonzales Master Gardeners hold their monthly meeting at noon on the first Thursday of each month at 623 Fair Street, Gonzales. Bring a bag lunch, drinks provided. Contact AgriLife Extension Office at 830-672-8531 or visit http://gonzalesmastergardeners.org for more information.

New Braunfels: The Comal Garden Club meets the first Thursday of each month at 9:30 a.m. at Southbank Clubhouse, 222 Southbank Blvd., New Braunfels.
Austin: Austin Organic Gardeners Club meets at 6:30 p.m. on the second Monday of each month (except December) at the Austin Area Garden Center, 2220 Barton Springs Road, Zilker Botanical Gardens in Austin. Doors open at 6:30 p.m.; club business begins at 7:00 p.m., followed by a presentation. For more information, visit www.austinorganicgardeners.org.

Jacksonville: The Cherokee County Master Gardeners meet on the second Monday of each month at 9:30 a.m. at The First Methodist Church, 1031 TX-456 Loop, Jacksonville. For additional information, contact Kim Benton at kim.benton@ag.tamu.edu.
Cedar Park/Leander/Liberty Hill: The Hill Country Bloomers meet the second Tuesday of each month (except December) at 7 p.m. at the Cedar Park Recreation Center, 1435 Main Street, Cedar Park. Arrive at 6:30 p.m. to socialize and swap plants and seeds. Meetings feature guest speakers on a variety of topics for the home gardener or landscaper. They host a plant sale in the spring and a garden tour in the late summer/early fall. Throughout the year they contribute time and expertise to local projects. Those with any level of experience are welcome. Non-members are invited to their first meeting at no cost. Membership and speaker info is available at www.hillcountrybloomers.com.

Glen Rose: The Glen Rose Garden Club meets at 10 a.m. on the second Tuesday of each month (September through May) at the Somervell County Community Center in Glen Rose. For additional information, email stringer030@yahoo.com.

Glen Rose: The Prairie Rose Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas meets at 6 p.m. on the second Monday of each month at the Somerville County Citizen Center, 209 SW Barnard St., Glen Rose. For additional information, email prairierose.npsot@gmail.com
Harrison County: The Harrison County Master Gardeners meet on the second Tuesday of each month in the Harrison County Annex building, 102 W Houston St. (south side of the square), Marshall. Meetings are held in the 2nd floor AgriLife Extension meeting room. For more information, call 903-935-8413, or email wannagrow2@gmail.com
Marion: The Guadalupe County (Schertz/Seguin) Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas meets on the second Tuesday of each month except July, August and December at St. John's Lutheran Church in Marion. Directions to St. John's Lutheran Church: From FM 78 turn south onto FM 465 and the church is just past the Marion School on the right. From IH-10 go north on FM 465 towards Marion. The Church will be on the left, just before you get to town. A plant exchange and meet-and-greet begins at 6:30 p.m. followed by the program at 7 p.m. Visitors are welcome. For more information or an application to join NPSOT visit www.npsot.org/GuadalupeCounty/ or contactguadalupecounty@npsot.org.
Quitman: The Quitman Garden Club meets at 2 p.m. the second Tuesday of each month at the Quitman Library on E Goode Street, Quitman. It is a diverse group that welcomes all visitors. For more information, e-mail quitmangardenclub@gmail.com.
Denton: The Denton County Master Gardener Association meets from 9:30 a.m. until 11 a.m. the second Wednesday of each month. Meetings are open to the public. For complete details, visit http://dcmga.com/.
Humble: The Mercer Arboretum & Botanic Garden, 22306 Aldine Westfield Road, Humble, hosts a Lunch Bunch the second Wednesday of each month from noon until 2 p.m. Take a sack lunch or order a box lunch from Starbucks when you call 281-443-8731 to reserve your spot. Master Gardeners and Masters Naturalists may earn CEU credits by attending.
Jacksboro: The Jacksboro Garden Club meets at 9:30 a.m. the second Wednesday of each month (except June, July and August) at the Concerned Citizens Center, 400 East Pine Street, Jacksboro. For more information, call Melinda at 940-567-6218.
Longview: The Gregg County Master Gardeners Association's Learn at Lunch program meet the second Wednesday of each month. The business meeting begins at 11:30 a.m., with the program at noon, at the AgriLife Extension Office, 405 E. Marshall Ave., Longview. The program is presented for horticultural education and is free to the public. For further information call 903-236-8429, visit www.txmg.org/gregg, or like us on Facebook at Gregg County Master Gardeners. 
Rockport: The Rockport Herb & Rose Study Group, founded in March 2003, meets the
second Wednesday of each month at 10 a.m. at 619 N. Live Oak Street, Room 14, Rockport, to discuss all aspects of using and growing herbs, including historical uses and tips for successful propagation and cultivation. Sometimes they take field trips and have cooking demonstrations in different locations. For more information, contact Linda 361-729-6037, Ruth 361-729-8923 or Cindy 979-562-2153 or visit www.rockportherbs.org and http://rockportherbies.blogspot.com.
Woodway: The McLennan County Master Gardeners meet on the second Wednesday each month at noon at the Carleen Bright Arboretum, 9001 Bosque Blvd., Woodway. Educational programs follow the business session. For more information, call 254-757-5180.
Beaumont: The Jefferson County Master Gardeners meet at 6 p.m. (social) 7:00 (meeting) the second Thursday of each month except in July in the AgriLife Extension auditorium, 1225 Pearl 2nd floor (downtown Beaumont next to the Court House). For more information contact: 409-835-8461 or txmg.org/jcmg.
Georgetown: The Williamson County Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas meets from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m. the second Thursday of each month at the Georgetown Public Library, 402 W. 8th Street. Georgetown. For additional information, contract Kathy Henderson at kshend@verizon.net or visit http://www.npsot.org/wp/wilco.
Orange: The Orange County Master Gardeners Association holds their monthly meeting on the second Thursday of each month. A short program is presented. The meeting starts at 6:30 p.m. at the new Orange County Expo Center on Hwy 1442 in Orangefield. Enter the building in the front entrance, first door on the right, Texas AgriLife offices. Pot luck supper at 6 p.m. Visit http://txmg.org/orange for more information.

Pasadena: The Harris County Precinct 2 Master Gardeners hold an educational program at 10 a.m. on the second Thursday of each month at The Genoa Friendship Garden Educational Building at 1202 Genoa Red Bluff, Pasadena. The programs are free and open to the public. For more information, visit http://hcmgap2.tamu.edu.

San Antonio: The San Antonio Herb Society meets at 7 p.m. on the second Thursday of each month at the San Antonio Garden Center, 3310 N. New Braunfels (corner of Funston & N. New Braunfels). For more information on programs, visit www.sanantonioherbs.org.

San Marcos: The Spring Lake Garden Club meets the second Thursday of each month at 9:30 a.m., September-May, at McCoy's Building Supply Headquarters, 1350 IH-35, San Marcos. Contact Terri Boyd (512) 395-66644 x6134.

Smithville: The Smithville Community Gardens meets at 5:30 p.m. the second Thursday of each month at the Smithville Recreation Center. 
Angleton: The Brazoria County Master Gardeners meet at 11 a.m. on the second Friday of each month at the Brazoria County Extension Office, 21017 County Road 171, Angleton. There is a general business meeting followed by a brief educational program each month. For further information call 979-864-1558, ext.110.
College Station: The A&M Garden Club meets on the second Friday of each month during the school year at 9:30 a.m. in the training room of the College Station Waste Water Facility building at the end of North Forest Parkway, College Station. Expert speakers, plant sharing, and federated club projects help members learn about gardening in the Brazos Valley, floral design, conservation, and more. For more information, visit http://www.amgardenclub.com/.
Houston: The Spring Branch African Violet Club meets the second Saturday of each month,January through November, at 10:00 a.m. at the Copperfield Baptist Church, 8350 Highway 6 North, Houston. Call Karla at 281-748-8417 prior to attending to confirm meeting date and time.

Killeen: Youth Backyard Gardening Initiative holds community engagement meetings the second Saturday of each month at 2:30 p.m. at Monarch Academy, 4205 Old Florence Road, Killeen. To learn more, visit https://www.facebook.com/groups/ybkydgarden/.
Dallas: The Rainbow Garden Club of North Texas meets the second Sunday of each month at 2 p.m. Everyone is welcome. Meetings are held at member's homes and garden centers around the area. For more information, visit www.RainbowGardenClub.com.
Arlington: The Arlington Men's Garden Club meets from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m. on the third Monday of each month (except December) at the Bob Duncan Center, 2800 S. Center Street, Arlington. For more information, contact Lance Jepson at LJepson@aol.com.
Cleburne:The Johnson County Master Gardener's meet on the third Monday of each month at McGregor House, 1628 W Henderson, Cleburne. Meeting times are at 2 p.m. October through April, except December and at 6 p.m. May through September. An educational program precedes the business meeting. For additional information, contact Elaine Bell at 817-309-8052.
New Braunfels: The Comal Master Gardeners meet at 6 p.m. the third Monday of each month (except April and December,) at the GVTC Auditorium, 36101 FM 3159, New Braunfels. An educational program precedes the business meeting. The public is invited to attend. For additional information, call 830-620-3440 or visit comalmg.org

Texarkana: The Four Corners Chapter of Native Plant Society of Texas meets at 7 p.m. on the third Monday of each month at the Southwest Center, 3222 W. 7th St. (U.S. 67), Texarkana. Visitors are welcome. For additional information, contact Belinda McCoy at 903-424-7724 or blackmtngardens@yahoo.com.

Abilene: The Master Gardeners meet the third Tuesday of each month at the Taylor County Extension Office, 1982 Lytle Way, Abilene. For more information, contact Big Country Master Gardeners Association at mgardeners@yahoo.com.

Corpus Christi: The Nueces Master Gardeners meet at noon the third Tuesday of each month,except December, at Garden Senior Center, 5325 Greely Dr., Corpus Christi. An educational program precedes the business meeting. For further information call 361 767-5217.
Evant: The Evant Garden Club meets on the third Tuesday of each month at 10 a.m., usually at the bank in downtown Evant. To confirm the date, time and place of each month's meeting, call 254-471-5860. 
New Braunfels: The Lindheimer Chapter (Comal County) of the Native Plant Society of Texas meets on the third Tuesday of each month at  6:30 pm at the GVTC Auditorium, 36101 FM 3159, New Braunfels. Meetings include an informative speaker and a Plant of the Month presentation. Meetings are free and visitors are welcome. For more information, visit www.npsot.org/w/lindheimer.  Note: there will be no meeting in June or December.
Rockport: Monthly meetings of the Aransas/San Patricio Master Gardeners are held at 10 a.m. on the third Tuesday of each month at Texas AgriLife Extension Service - Aransas County Office, 892 Airport Rd., Rockport. For additional information, e-mail aransas-tx@tamu.edu or call 361-790-0103.
Sugar Land: The Sugar Land Garden Club meets on the third Tuesday of each month, September through November and January through April at 10 a.m. at the Knights of Columbus Hall, 702 Burney Road, Sugar Land. The club hosts a different speaker each month. For more information, visit www.sugarlandgardenclub.org.
Denton: The Denton Organic Society, a group devoted to sharing information and educating the public regarding organic principles, meets the third Wednesday of each month (except July, August and December) at the Denton Senior Center, 509 N. Bell Avenue. Meetings are free and open to the public. Meetings begin at 7 p.m. and are preceded by a social at 6:30. For more information, call 940-382-8551.
Glen Rose: The Somervell County Master Gardeners meet at 10 a.m., the third Wednesday of each month at the Somervell County AgriLife Extension office, 1405 Texas Drive, Glen Rose. Visitors are welcome. For more information, call 254-897-2809 or visit www.somervellmastergardeners.org.
Granbury: The Lake Granbury Master Gardeners meet at 1 p.m. on the third Wednesday of each month at the Hood County Annex 1, 1410 West Pearl Street, Granbury. The public is invited to attend. There is an educational program each month preceding the business meeting. For information on topics call 817-579-3280 or visit http://www.hoodcountymastergardeners.org/.

Brownwood: Brownwood Garden Club meets the third Thursday of each month, 11:30 a.m.- 1 p.m. The club meetings are at Southside Baptist Church, 1219 Indian Creek Road, with refreshments and a speaker presentation. Visitors are welcome. For more information, email boeblingen@centex.net or call 817-454-8175.
Hallettsville: The Hallettsville Garden Club meets at 2 p.m. on the third Thursday of each month from September through May, at the Hallettsville Garden and Cultural Center, 107 Fink Street, Hallettsville. Each month, the club hosts speakers that provide informative programs on a wide range of gardening subjects, and refreshments are provided by member hostesses afterwards. Visitors are welcome! Please email Sharon Harrigan at sharonspetals@gmail.com for more information.
Houston: The Native Plant Society of Texas - Houston Chapter meets at 6:45 pm on the third Thursday of each month at the American Red Cross Building, 2700 Southwest Fwy. For more information about meeting presentations and native plants, visit http://npsot.org/houston

Mineola: The Fannie Marchman Garden Club meets at the Mineola Civic Center, 9:30-11:30 a.m. the third Wednesday of each month from September through May. For additional information, find them on Facebook or email FannieMarchmanGardenClub@gmail.com.

San Antonio: The Bexar County Master Gardeners (BCMG) meet on the third Thursday of each month at the Texas AgriLife Extension Office, 3355 Cherry Ridge Dr., Suite 208, San Antonio. During the months of Jan., March, May, July, Sep. and Nov., an evening meeting with presentation is held 6:00-8:00 p.m. During the intervening months (Feb., April, June, Aug., Oct.), afternoon educational seminars/general meetings are held from 1:00-3:00 p.m. Check http://www.bexarmg.org/ to verify meeting date for any given month, as circumstances could require a change, and to find information on the speaker and topic scheduled for each meeting.
Seguin: The Guadalupe County Master Gardeners meets at 6:30 p.m. the third Thursday of each month, at the AgriLife Building, 210 East Live Oak, Seguin. After a brief social hour, the meeting and guest speaker begins at 7 p.m. The meeting is free and open to the public. For additional information, call 830-303-3889 or visit www.guadalupecountymastergardeners.org.
Fort Worth: The Greater Fort Worth Herb Society meetings are held the third Saturday of each month at Texas Garden Club Inc, 3111 Old Garden Club Rd., Fort Worth (located next to the Fort Worth Botanic Garden), 10:00 a.m. to noon, September through June. For more information, email herbalhen@yahoo.com.
New Braunfels: The New Braunfels Chapter of Native Plant Society of Texas meets on the fourth Monday of each month except July and December. Meetings are held at the Westside Community Center, 2932 S. I-35 Frontage Road, New Braunfels. Meetings start at 6:15 p.m. with a meet and greet time, followed by a short business meeting. Programs begin around 7:00. Native plant and seed exchanges are held monthly. Expert speakers present educational programs on topics of interest. Meetings are free and open to the public. For more information or to join, visit www.npsot.org.
Brackenridge Park: The Native Plant Society San Antonio Chapter meets every fourth Tuesday of each month at 7 p.m. in the Lions Field Adult and Senior Center, 2809 Broadway at E. Mulberry, Brackenridge Park, except August and December. Social and seed/plant exchange at 6:30 p.m. Free and open to the public. For more information, contact Bea at 210-999-7292 or visit www.npsot.org/sanantonio.
Bryan: The Brazos County Master Gardeners, a program of Texas AgriLife Extension, meet the fourth Tuesday of the month at 7 p.m. at the Brazos Center, 3232 Briarcrest Drive, Bryan. There is a public gardening program at each meeting and pertinent information may be found at brazosmg.com or 979-823-0129.
Edna: The Jackson County Master Gardeners present their "Come Grown With Us" seminars on the fourth Tuesday of each month, January through October, beginning at 7 p.m. at 411 N. Wells, Edna. The seminars are free, open to the public and offer 2 CEU hours to Master Gardeners or others requiring them. For additional information, contact the Jackson County Extension Office at 361-782-3312.
Linden: The Caddo Wildflower Chapter of Native Plants Society meets the fourth Tuesday of each month at the senior citizens building at 507 S Kaufman St. in Linden at 6:30. Visitors are welcome. For additional information, contact Karen Tromza at khtromza@yahoo.com.
San Antonio: The Native Plant Society of Texas San Antonio Chapter meets the fourth Tuesday of each month, except August and December, at the Lions Field Adult & Senior Center, 2809 Broadway, San Antonio. Social and plant/seed exchange at 6:30 p.m., program at 7:00 p.m. For more information, visit www.npsot.org/sanantonio or email npsot.sanantonio@gmail.com.
Houston: The Houston Native Prairie Association meets at 7 p.m. on the fourth Wednesday of each month (except November and December) at the Houston Red Cross Building, 2700 Southwest Freeway, Houston. Refreshments served at 6:30 p.m. For more information, contact hnpat@prairies.org.

Austin: The Garden Club of Austin meets at Zilker Botanical Gardens auditorium, 2220 Barton Springs Rd., Austin, at 7:00 p.m. on the fourth Thursday of each month. 7:00-7:30 p.m. Refreshments and Social, followed by a presentation at 7:30 p.m. Free. For additional information, visit http://thegardenclubofaustin.org/.

Leander: The Leander Garden Club meets on the fourth Thursday of each month (except June, July and August) at 10:30 a.m. in the Fellowship Room of the Leander Presbyterian Church, 101 N. West St., Leander, unless there is a special event planned. Following a program and short business meeting, there is a pot-luck luncheon. To confirm the meeting place and time, please call President Kathleen Tully at 512-422-8580 or email LeanderGardenClub@gmail.com.
Dallas: The Dallas County Master Gardeners meet the fourth Thursday of each month at 11:30 a.m. For location and program information, visit http://www.dallascountymastergardeners.org/ or contact The Helpdesk, M-F, 8 to 4:30 214-904-3053.
Arlington: The Arlington Organic Garden Club meets from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m. on the last Thursday of each month (except November and December) at the Bob Duncan Center, 2800 S. Center Street, Arlington. For more information, contact David at 817-483-7746.

Hempstead: The Peckerwood Garden Conservation Foundation, 20559 F.M. 359, Hempstead, hosts a garden Open Days from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. on the fourth Saturday of each month. Drop-in tours are permitted but pre-registration is encouraged. Docent led tours are $10 for guests, free for members. For more information, http://peckerwoodgarden.org/explore/visit-peckerwood-garden/.
Dallas: The Greater Dallas Organic Garden Club meets at 2:30 p.m. on the fourth Sunday of each month (except November and December) at North Haven Gardens, 7700 Northaven Road, Dallas. For more information, visit www.gdogc.org
Planning Guide & Books of Interest
2021 Planning Guide & Calendar
Only $14.95 per copy (includes tax and shipping) 
Make gardening easier and more enjoyable in 2021. No more keeping it in your head or, worse yet, juggling all those wrinkled, sweat-stained pieces of paper that seem to accumulate and end up lost. It's time to get organized and the perfect way to start that off is with your very own copy of the 2021 Texas Gardener Planning Guide and Calendar. No more guessing when to plant or do different activities. You will find everything you need in one simple but informative guide and calendar. Plus plenty of room to record your own planting dates, rainfall events and other data for future reference.
Here's a sample of what you will find in this information-packed guide:
  • Many, many practical and timely garden tips that are for Texas - not Maine or California!
  • Organic, earth-friendly tips to make your garden grow and prosper
  • Lots of space to record your own activities for future reference
  • Planting dates and tips for vegetables, flowers, herbs, fruit and lawns
Order today, while it's fresh on your mind. Don't forget to order copies for your gardening friends and relatives!

Easy Gardening for Texas
By Joseph G. Masabni

Only $31.94 (includes tax and shipping)

Gardening in the Lone Star State has unique challenges, but that doesn't mean you can't grow vegetables here. This new book tells what varieties are best, how to handle insect and disease problems, and how to control weeds with a minimum of work, plus detailed growing information on a host of vegetables that do well in Texas. This is the perfect guide for gardeners new to the state as well as those more-experienced gardeners looking for a handy guide of research-tested advice. 220 pages with lots of color photos! Click on this link to order https://texasgardener.com/product/easy-gardening-for-texas/.

Easy Edibles
By Judy Barrett

Only $29.75 (includes tax and shipping)

Eating fresh and eating local has really caught on! Easy Edibles: How to Grow and Enjoy Fresh Food focuses on ways to grow some of your own food without devoting a lot of space, time and work to the project. Barrett also covers how and where to find the bounty offered at local farmers markets, farm stands and pick-your-own operations. This book is the perfect gift or guide for folks new to gardening or those who have limited time and resources but still want to eat fresh! Click on this link to order https://texasgardener.com/product/easy-edibles/.

The Texas Tomato Lover's Handbook
By William D. Adams

Only $31.94 (includes tax and shipping)

The best thing for tomato enthusiast since the tomato itself! Adams draws on more than thirty years' experience to provide a complete, step-by-step guide to success in the tomato patch. Learn everything from soil preparation, planting, feeding, caging and watering. Liberally sprinkled with the author's easy humor and illustrated with his own excellent photographs, the must have book has everything you'll need to assure a bumper crop! 189 pages. Lots of color photographs! Click on this link to order https://texasgardener.com/product/texas-tomato-lovers-handbook/.

And check out these other great books available from Texas Gardener:

Worms Eat My Garbage

Grow Great Vegetables Texas

Wicked Bugs

Wicked Plants

Wicked Plants Coloring Book

A Kid's Guide to Keeping Chickens
Texas Gardener's Seeds is published weekly. © Suntex Communications, Inc. 2021. All rights reserved. You may forward this publication to your friends and colleagues if it is sent in its entirety. No individual part of this newsletter may be reproduced in any manner without prior written permission from the publisher. 

Texas Gardener's Seeds has been published each Wednesday since April 26, 2006.
Publisher: Jay White ● Editor: Michael Bracken 
Texas Gardener's Seeds, P.O. Box 1676, Brenham, Texas 77834-1676