The National Science Foundation’s Future Manufacturing program’s goal is to support fundamental research and education of a future workforce to overcome scientific, technological, educational, economic and social barriers to enable new manufacturing capabilities that do not exist today. 

The Department of Energy, ARPA-E’s OPEN 2021 supports high-risk R&D leading to the development of potentially disruptive new technologies across the full spectrum of energy applications. ARPA-E seeks to support early-stage, but potentially transformational research, in all areas of energy R&D, covering transportation and stationary applications.