Pollinator populations worldwide are witnessing a distressing decline. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) reports that around 16.5% of vertebrate pollinators face global extinction, and regional losses in insect populations can reach up to 40%. This global issue threatens our biodiversity, food systems, and economy.

This decline is driven by habitat loss, pesticide use, invasive species, diseases, and climate change. The transformation of natural habitats into agricultural and urban areas destroys the native flora crucial for pollinators. Pesticides, particularly neonicotinoids, harm ecosystems, and pollinator health. The impact of invasive species and diseases, as well as climate change's disruption of pollinator life cycles, add to the complexity of this problem.