The OST Group was formed in early 1925 by graduates of Vkhutemas under the leadership of David Shterenberg. The society had four exhibitions in Moscow, 1925, 1926, 1927 and 1928. OST artists painted contemporary subjects (sports, industry, young pioneers) in a "gripping, laconic and experimental" style that was appreciably influenced by Constructivism, German Expressionism (and even Surrealism) and by Russian traditions, especially icon painting. The group split in 1931 and was abolished by formal decree in April, 1932.

The OST Group has not been examined in the West as have other Russian Avant-Garde art movements. Known for its painterly visual approach, the OST style is prominent in 1920s - early 1930s Soviet poster and publication graphics.