Structure & Site 
In This Issue
Other Highlights
Anniversary Recognition
Mindy Holgate, Project Management Administrator, reached her 15-year anniversary with KHH in April.

Dave Bauer, P.E., attained his 15-year anniversary as a KHH structural engineer in May.
Teaching About Structures
Dave Bauer, P.E., has completed his ninth semester as instructor for the ARH-250 Principles of Structures class at Onondaga Community College. The class has been taught by KHH staff members for about 40 years.
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June 2014
Singular Steel Structure Solves Snow Slide  
by Joseph W. Ward, P.E.

The winter of 2010-2011 was especially snowy in upstate New York, with near-record total snowfall in Syracuse. At Colgate University's Huntington Gymnasium, in Hamilton, New York, the snow slides off the pitched roof, sometimes in icy sheets. This has been happening at Huntington Gymnasium since it was built in 1924.


After an addition to Huntington Gymnasium was constructed a few

Huntington Hall snow retention structure

years ago, falling snow and ice from Huntington's high roof were piling up dangerously close to windows and exits of the addition. Klepper, Hahn & Hyatt reviewed the structure to determine whether rigid snow guards could be mounted on the roof to hold the snow until the spring thaw.


Our analysis showed that snow guards mounted on the roof would overload the structure. Reinforcing the existing riveted structure to support a revised snow load would not only be expensive but very intrusive to the use of the interior gymnasium space, since the truss peak is roughly 50 feet above the gymnasium floor.


That's when we started looking outside the box. We developed an external tower that acted as a snow shield, and was mounted to a new foundation and braced to the second floor framing. The structure includes two W18 columns and a lattice of tubes and pipes at the top to break up the sliding snow and ice, and redirect their trajectory downward. Two end shields keep the snow and ice from spreading out the ends onto another adjacent roof.


Structural engineers are well aware of the load effect sliding snow can have on lower roof structures, and account for this effect using the requirements of ASCE 7 - Minimum Design Loads on Buildings and Other Structures. However, this standard does not provide guidance on design loads for snow sliding into vertical surfaces. For this, we referred to a European Commission research report titled The Design of Avalanche Protection Dams. While Huntington Gymnasium's sliding snow is far from being considered an avalanche, we believed the structural dynamic principles involved were applicable. From this we estimated the horizontal impact force that sliding snow could impart on the snow shield and designed the columns to resist this force.


Because the structure is adjacent to the roof eave, it is constantly exposed to roof run-off. The structure was hot-dipped galvanized and has an additional powder-coat protection. All exterior field joints are bolted. Originally, the columns were to be wrapped with ashlar stone to match the gymnasium exterior walls, but because construction occurred in late fall at the onset of cold weather, the stone wrap was not included.


Following two warmer winter seasons, the snow retention structure functioned as intended during the cold and snowy winter of 2013-2014.

Sadler Hall Project Awarded ACI Bronze

Klepper, Hahn & Hyatt received a Bronze Award for Excellence in Concrete Design and Installation for the Sadler Dining Hall Expansion and Renovation at Syracuse University. The award was given through the American Concrete Institute Central New York Chapter.


KHH was responsible for the structural design of the 4,900-square-foot addition to, and renovations of, the dining area. This included all concrete applications, such as foundation walls, column piers, floor slabs, tall basement retaining walls, and a composite steel-and-concrete roof deck on steel beams for the vegetated roof slab. KHH also served as the Special Inspector. The ACI award recognized the project for concrete applications that provide elements of durability, sustainability, and aesthetic appeal.

KHH Sponsors Red Cross Blood Drive

Klepper, Hahn & Hyatt sponsored a local Red Cross Blood Drive on April 30. The event was staged in the main conference room of the KHH office building.


KHH staff member Dave Bauer, P.E., prepares to donate blood

Project Management Administrator Mindy Holgate organized the drive, including delivering flyers to businesses in the Commons Park Drive office complex. Thirteen people were eligible to give blood that day, including several who had never been donors. Several staff members commented that they would like to see another blood drive at the KHH facility in the future. Many thanks to Mindy for making this happen!  

Recent Presentations by KHH Staff

Principal Jim D'Aloisio has fulfilled an active schedule of late winter and spring presentations for a variety of audiences. In addition to two "Lunch-and-Learn" presentations on Thermal Steel Bridging Mitigation in Building Structures, Mr. D'Aloisio has presented the following:

  • Climate Change and Engineering Ethics for the Capital District Engineers Week Celebration in Albany
  • LEED V4: What's Next for Colgate University facilities personnel
  • Thermal Steel Bridging Mitigation in Building Structures for the New York State Steel Fabricators' Association Meeting
  • Alternative Structural Systems with Reduced Carbon Footprints for the New York State Green Building Conference 2014
  • A pre-conference workshop on Design of Sustainable Thermal Breaks for the SEI Structures Congress in Boston.
New and Noteworthy
Will Mapley

William P. Mapley has joined Klepper, Hahn & Hyatt as a Revit Designer. Mr. Mapley earned his AutoCAD/Drafting certification from OCM BOCES, and worked for Beardsley Design Associates for eight years as a Junior Designer. He has also worked as an independent drafter. Mr. Mapley's experience includes government, SED, higher education, and private sector projects. He lives in Cato. | 315-446-9201 |

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