Work-based learning (WBL) is featured prominently in Perkins V as a strategy for preparing career and technical education (CTE) students for further learning and careers. WBL is a key component of the law’s definition of CTE (20 U.S.C. 2302(5)). Importantly, the new law also included participation in WBL by secondary CTE concentrators as a new optional indicator of state performance. Twenty-six states selected this indicator as one of their measures of secondary CTE program quality in 2020.