“It’s not just that the statues represent white supremacy, but the purpose of building the statues was the perpetuation of white supremacy,” James Grossman, executive director of the American Historical Association, tells TIME. “This is why they put them up in the first place; to affirm the centrality of white supremacy to Southern culture.” This piece in Time Magazine by Jasmine Aguilera addresses the ‘cycles of controversy’ that have led to this tipping point, offers historical context, and asks the question—where do we go from here?