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Corporations with a SEPTEMBER year end, claiming the small business deduction must pay the balance of tax owing by the end of DECEMBER.


Corporations with an OCTOBER year end, not claiming the small business deduction must pay the balance of tax owing by the end of DECEMBER.


JUNE year ends must be filed by the end of DECEMBER


1) Certain expenditures made by individuals by December 31, 2023 will be eligible for 2023 tax deductions or credits, including digital news subscriptions, moving expenses, labour mobility tax credit expenditures, multigenerational home renovation expenditures (NEW), child care expenses, charitable donations, political contributions, registered journalism organization contributions, medical expenses, alimony, eligible employment expenses, union, professional or like dues, carrying charges and interest expense. Ensure you keep all receipts that may relate to these expenses.

2) A senior whose 2023 net income exceeds $86,912 will lose all, or part, of their old age security pension. Senior citizens will also begin to lose their age credit if their net income exceeds $42,335. Consider limiting income over these amounts, if possible. Another option would be to defer receiving old age security receipts (for up to 60 months) if it would otherwise be eroded due to high-income levels.

3) If you own a business or rental property, consider making a capital asset purchase by the end of the year. Many capital assets purchased and made available for use in 2023 will be eligible for a 100% CCA write-off under the immediate expensing rules.

Some zero-emission electric vehicles purchased by businesses may be eligible for a 100% write-off (limited in some cases to the first $61,000). Alternatively, zero-emission vehicles purchased in 2023 may be eligible for a federal incentive rebate of up to $5,000.


4) Consider selling non-registered securities, such as a stock, mutual fund or exchange-traded fund, that have declined in value since it was bought to trigger a capital loss that can offset capital gains in the year. Anti-avoidance rules may apply when selling and buying the same security, even where the same security is held in different brokerage accounts.

5) Consider restructuring your investment portfolio to convert non-deductible interest into deductible interest. It may also be possible to convert personal interest expense, such as interest on a house mortgage or personal vehicle, into deductible interest.

6) If you have equity investments or loans to a Canadian small business that has become insolvent or bankrupt, an allowable business investment loss (ABIL) may be available. For loans to corporations to be eligible, the borrower must act at arm’s length. ABILs can offset income beyond capital gains, such as interest, business or employment income.

7) If a commercial debt you owe (generally a business loan) has been forgiven, special rules apply that may result in additional taxes or other adjustments to the tax return.

8) You have until Thursday, February 29, 2024, to make tax-deductible registered retirement savings plan (RRSP) contributions for the 2023 year. Consider having the higher income earning individual contribute to their spouse’s RRSP via a “spousal RRSP” for greater tax savings.

9) NEW! As of April 2023, individuals can contribute to the new tax-free first home savings account (FHSA). Eligible contributions are deductible, and withdrawals to purchase a first home are not taxable. Up to $8,000 can be contributed annually, to a maximum lifetime limit of $40,000. Contributions must be made in 2023 to be deducted against 2023 income.

10) Individuals 18 and older may deposit up to $6,500 into a tax-free savings account in 2023. An additional $7,000 may be contributed starting on January 1, 2024. Consider a catch-up contribution if you have not contributed the maximum amount for prior years. For those who have never contributed to their TFSA and have been building room since 2009, the total maximum contribution room in 2024 will reach $95,000. An individual’s contribution room can be found online on CRA’s My Account.

11) A Canada education savings grant for registered education savings plan (RESP) contributions equal to 20% of annual contributions for children (maximum $500 per child per year) is available. In addition, lower-income families may be eligible to receive the Canada learning bond.

12) A registered disability savings plan (RDSP) may be established for a person under 60 eligible for the disability tax credit. Non-deductible contributions to a lifetime maximum of $200,000 are permitted. Grants, bonds and investment income earned in the plan are included in the beneficiary’s income when paid out of the RDSP.

13) Canada pension plan (CPP) receipts may be split between spouses aged 65 or over (application to CRA is required). Also, it may be advantageous to apply to receive CPP early (age 60-65) or late (age 65-70).

14) Are you a U.S. resident, citizen or green card holder? Consider U.S. filing obligations concerning income and financial asset holdings. Filing obligations may also apply if you were born in the U.S.

Information exchange agreements have increased the flow of information between CRA and the IRS. Collection agreements enable CRA to collect amounts on behalf of the IRS.

15) If income, forms or elections have been missed in the past, a voluntary disclosure to CRA may be available to avoid penalties.

16) Interest-free loans of up to $40,000 are available to homeowners and landlords who undertake retrofits identified through an authorized EnerGuide energy assessment.

17) Underused Housing Tax (UHT) – The UHT is an annual 1% tax intended to apply to the value of residential real estate owned by non-residents that is considered to be vacant or underused. However, many Canadian individuals on the title of a residential property on December 31 may also need to file UHT returns. This can occur if a person is holding the property in trust for another (such as when a person is on the title but is not the true owner) or if a person is holding the property as a partner for a partnership. NEW! The government has proposed changes that would exclude many of these individuals from filings for the 2023 year (i.e. for those on title as of December 31, 2023). However, the relieving measures are not proposed to apply to those on title for the 2022 year. Filings for both the 2022 and 2023 years are due on April 30, 2024.

18) Tax-free Canada dental benefit payments of up to $650 per child per year are available to cover dental expenses for children under 12 if they do not have dental insurance coverage. The benefit is available to families with an adjusted net income of less than $90,000. Applications can be made online through CRA’s MyAccount. NEW! If no benefit was claimed for the first application period (ending June 30, 2023), an additional payment may be available for the second period (ending June 30, 2024).

19) NEW! The 2023 Fall Economic Statement proposed to deny income tax deductions for expenses, including interest expenses, incurred to earn short-term rental income when that income is earned in provinces and municipalities that have prohibited short-term rentals and when short-term rental operators are not compliant with the applicable provincial or municipal licensingpermitting or registration requirements, effective for expenses incurred January 1, 2024 and onwards. While this does not affect 2023 filings, it may impact the financial considerations surrounding these assets in 2024.

CEBA Repayment Deadline Extended: Some Issues

On September 14, 2023, the Department of Finance provided details on extending the deadline for Canada Emergency Business Account (CEBA) repayments, including the following key elements:

  • the deadline to qualify for partial loan forgiveness (by paying the non-forgivable portion) has been extended from December 31, 2023 to January 18, 2024;
  • if a refinancing application is made with the financial institution that provided the CEBA loan by January 18, 2024, the deadline to qualify for partial loan forgiveness will be extended to March 28, 2024;
  • as of January 19, 2024, outstanding loans will convert to three-year term loans subject to a 5% annual interest rate regardless of whether refinancing is sought; and
  • the previous final repayment deadline of December 31, 2025 has been extended to December 31, 2026.

Financial institutions will contact CEBA loan holders directly regarding their loans. The above changes also apply to CEBA-equivalent lending through the Regional Relief and Recovery Fund. 

NEW! Effective January 1, 2023, all gains arising from the disposition of residential property (including assignment sales) owned for less than 365 days are deemed to be business income (taxed at the full rate and not eligible for the principal residence deduction) unless a particular exception is met. Consider holding such properties for more than 365 days to avoid the application of these rules. Gains on such dispositions later than 365 days may still be classified as business income under the traditional rules, depending on the nature of the transaction.

If dividends are paid out of a struggling business with a tax debt that cannot be paid, the recipient could be held liable for a portion of the corporation’s tax debt, not exceeding the value of the dividend. 

If dividends are paid out of a struggling business with a tax debt that cannot be paid, the recipient could be held liable for a portion of the corporation’s tax debt, not exceeding the value of the dividend. 

Apple security will be enhanced to protect phones from hackers who have knowledge of the passcode. See here for the background.

• If you do nothing:

A thief can use the passcode to enable what is called a recovery key. Apple designed the setting to protect users from online hackers. But if a thief adds a recovery key, you can’t reset your Apple ID password with your phone number or email. That means losing access to all your photos, files and whatever is saved in iCloud—possibly forever.

• With Stolen Device Protection:

As with changing the Apple ID password, enabling or changing the recovery key or trusted phone number will require two biometric scans an hour apart. (Needless to say, thieves couldn’t use the passcode to immediately turn off Stolen Device Protection itself—that, too, will require the same biometric scans and security delay.)

OpenAI calls this feature GPT-4 with vision (GPT-4V). The ability to interpret images, not just text prompts, makes the AI chatbot a "multimodal" large language model , and has the potential to redefine how people use AI.

What Is GPT-4V And How Do I Access It?

With a $20-per-month ChatGPT Plus account, you can upload an image to the ChatGPT app on iOS or Android and ask it a question. Give it a photo of your meal at a restaurant, for example, and ask: "How do I make this?" The chatbot will scan the image and return its proposed recipe.

The applications are seemingly endless. OpenAI says multimodalities are a "key frontier in artificial intelligence research and development," as they expand the range of tasks these systems can help users with. A group of researchers at Microsoft called GPT-4V the "dawn of LLMs," and concluded GPT-4V could "give rise to new human-computer interaction methods."

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The preceding information is for educational purposes only. As it is impossible to include all situations, circumstances and exceptions in a commentary such as this, a further review should be done. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained in this commentary. However, because of the nature of the subject, no person or firm involved in the distribution or preparation of this commentary accepts any liability for its contents or use.
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